Game of thrones Mark­ing our coun­try’s his­tory through the houses that ruled it

Country Life Every Week - - My Week -

‘I de­clare be­fore you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be de­voted to your ser­vice and the ser­vice of our great im­pe­rial fam­ily to which we all be­long’

House of Normandy (1066–1135)

Wil­liam I Bat­tle of Hast­ings; Domes­day Book Wil­liam ll (‘Ru­fus’) Built West­min­ster Hall Henry I Law giver who lost his son and heir in the White Ship (1120)

House of Blois (1135–54)

Stephen I Civil war over the suc­ces­sion with Henry l’s daugh­ter, Matilda, dur­ing the An­ar­chy

House of An­jou (1154–1216)

Henry II Had Thomas Becket mur­dered in Can­ter­bury Cathe­dral Richard l Cru­sades won him the name of Lion­heart John Magna Carta

House of Plan­ta­genet (1216–1399)

Henry III Abbey Ed­ward I Ham­mer of the Scots and builder of cas­tles Ed­ward II Un­for­tu­nate weak­ness for royal favourites Ed­ward III Wins Bat­tle of Crécy in 1346 Richard II Rides to face the Peas­ants’ Re­volt in 1381 Re­built West­min­ster

House of Lan­caster (1399–1461 and 1470–71)

Henry IV Usurps throne and unites the Duchy of Lan­caster with the pat­ri­mony of the Crown Henry V Wins Bat­tle of Agin­court in 1415 Henry VI Weak­ness leads to civil war and his mur­der

House of York (1461–70 and 1471–85)

Ed­ward IV Makes a se­cret mar­riage with El­iz­a­beth Woodville Ed­ward V Mur­dered in Tower of Lon­don Richard III Killed at the Bat­tle of Bosworth

House of Tu­dor (1485–1603)

Henry VII Penny-con­scious ad­min­is­tra­tor Henry VIII Dis­so­lu­tion of the Monas­ter­ies; first head of the Church of Eng­land Ed­ward VI Child king and ar­dent Protes­tant Mary I First English queen to in­herit the crown El­iz­a­beth I De­feated the Span­ish Ar­mada

House of Stu­art (1603–1714)

James VI and I United crowns of Eng­land and Scot­land Charles I Be­headed Charles II Re­stored the monar­chy James II Fled the throne Wil­liam and Mary The Glo­ri­ous Rev­o­lu­tion Anne Act of Union

House of Hanover (1714–1901)

Ge­orge I Cab­i­net gov­ern­ment introduced Ge­orge II Bon­nie Prince Charlie in­vades Ge­orge III Loses Amer­ica Ge­orge IV Prof­li­gate pa­tron of the vis­ual arts Wil­liam IV Great Re­form Bill Vic­to­ria Em­press of In­dia

House of Saxe-coburg and Gotha (1901–10)

Ed­ward VII En­tente Cor­diale

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