Diet to help re­duce risk of heart fail­ure

Coventry Telegraph - - NEWS -

A PLANT-BASED diet and drink­ing cof­fee may both help to re­duce the risk of heart fail­ure, say sci­en­tists.

One study of five dif­fer­ent kinds of diet found that peo­ple who ate a lot of fruit and veg­eta­bles were 42% less likely to de­velop the con­di­tion than those who con­sumed fewer plant-based foods.

An­other team showed that in­creas­ing cof­fee con­sump­tion by one cup per week re­duced the risk of heart fail­ure by 7% and stroke by 8%.

Find­ings from both stud­ies were pre­sented at the Amer­i­can Heart As­so­ci­a­tion’s Sci­en­tific Ses­sions meet­ing in Ana­heim, Cal­i­for­nia.

Heart fail­ure is a po­ten­tially fa­tal con­di­tion that oc­curs when the heart is too week to pump blood ef­fi­ciently around the body. The five diet types as­sessed in the first study were clas­si­fied as “con­ve­nience” (red meats, pas­tas, fried pota­toes, fast foods), “plant-based” (dark leafy veg­eta­bles, fruits, beans, fish), “sweets” (desserts, breads, sweet break­fast foods, choco­late, candy), “south­ern” (eggs, fried food, or­gan meats, pro­cessed meat, sug­ar­sweet­ened drinks), and “al­co­hol/sal­ads” (salad dress­ings, green leafy veg­eta­bles, toma­toes, but­ter, wine).

Sci­en­tists re­cruited 15,569 par­tic­i­pants for the diet study.

Lead re­searcher Dr Kyla Lara, from Mount Si­nai Hos­pi­tal in New York, said: “Eat­ing a diet mostly of dark green leafy plants, fruits, beans, whole grains and fish, while lim­it­ing pro­cessed meats, sat­u­rated fats, trans fats, re­fined car­bo­hy­drates and foods high in added sug­ars is a heart-healthy life­style and may help pre­vent heart fail­ure.”

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