A HIS­TORY OF AI ART

Focus-Science and Technology - - In Focus -

1970s AARON

This com­puter, in­vented by pro­fes­sor and artist Harold Co­hen, cre­ated paint­ings au­tonomously, start­ing in the early 1970s un­til Co­hen’s death last year.

2006 The Paint­ing Fool

The brain­child of British com­puter sci­en­tist Si­mon Colton, this com­plex tool is ca­pa­ble of set­ting its mood and gen­er­at­ing paint­ings based on how it feels. It can also re­flect on the qual­ity of its work and learn from its mis­takes.

2010 DARCI

De­vel­oped by Dan Ven­tura, a com­puter sci­en­tist at Brigham Young Uni­ver­sity in Utah, DARCI can make sense of things like colour and tex­ture in pic­tures and use them as in­spi­ra­tion for its own orig­i­nal paint­ing-like im­ages.

2015 Deep Dream Gen­er­a­tor

Google’s free pro­gram can take sim­ple, ev­ery­day pic­tures and trans­form them into quirky, psy­che­delic ones. The tool in­spired an en­tire gen­er­a­tion of artists to ex­per­i­ment with AI art.

2016 The Next Rem­brandt

Re­searchers at ad­ver­tis­ing agency J Wal­ter Thomp­son Am­s­ter­dam taught a com­puter to paint like Rem­brandt us­ing ad­vanced AI tech­niques. The com­puter pro­duced an orig­i­nal piece of art in Rem­brandt’s style.

2017 My Ar­ti­fi­cial Muse

Ger­man artist Mario Klinge­mann used an AI pro­gram to con­vert stick fig­ures into paint­ings with hu­man forms. Span­ish artist Al­bert Bar­qué-Du­ran trans­ferred the paint­ing onto a mu­ral.

2017 Cre­ative Ad­ver­sar­ial Net­works

Re­searchers from Rut­gers Uni­ver­sity re­ported an AI trained in dif­fer­ent styles of art. It can cre­ate paint­ings in its own novel styles by de­vi­at­ing from con­ven­tional styles.

2017 Ar­ti­fi­cial In­tel­li­gence: The End Of Art As We Know It

Artist Matty Mo joined forces with hack­ers to de­sign an AI to cre­ate por­traits of peo­ple who could lose their jobs to AI.

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