Beginner’s guide to Pokémon GO
Don’t know the difference between a regular Poké Ball and a Great Ball? Sarah Jacobsson Purewal’s guide will help
By now, you must be familiar with Pokémon GO, the latest Pokémon game that uses VR and real-world locations to send players on an IRL quest to catch Pokémon. But considering it’s a global phenomenon, Pokémon GO is lacking in beginner instruction. This may be on purpose – it has a huge social element, and fewer instructions means more people turning to each other for help.
But if you’d rather not ask your 10-year-old neighbour for the basics, we’ve put together a beginner’s guide that will answer all your questions
about hunting down Pokémon, nabbing items, and sating your desire for world domination by controlling all of your neighbourhood gyms.
Pokémon, Pokémon, and more Pokémon
How to find Pokémon
When you first start the game, you will see three starter Pokémon spawn/appear in your area: Bulbasaur, Charmander and Squirtle. You can pick one of these Pokémon to catch, and once you catch it, the other two Pokémon will disappear. But finding your next Pokémon isn’t quite so easy – you’ll need to venture outside to find more Pokémon. They tend to spawn in areas that are well-populated, like parks, tourist attractions, and shopping centres. You’ll also find different Pokémon in different areas – water-type Pokémon will only show up near bodies of water, for example, while grass-type Pokémon can be found in parks.
In the lower-right corner of your screen, you will see a small white bar with silhouettes of Pokémon that are close to your current location. Tap this bar to see all nearby Pokémon; tap a single Pokémon to track it. These Pokémon will have paw prints underneath them denoting how close (or far) they are from you: One paw print means close, while three paw prints mean further away. These
paw prints will decrease/increase as you get closer/ further from the Pokémon.
How to catch Pokémon
To catch a Pokémon, you’ll need to hit it with Poké Balls. This is easy – tap the Poké Ball and flick it toward the Pokémon. Each Pokémon will have a circle that is green, yellow, or red: Green means the Pokémon is easier to catch, while red means it’s difficult. As soon as you put your finger on the Poké Ball, the circle will start shrinking; if you hit the Pokémon while the circle is larger, it will be easier to catch.
You can increase your chances of catching Pokémon with higher level Poké Balls (you’ll get access to Great Balls at level 12) and by using Razz Berries, a treat that entices a Pokémon to stay. You can also get a 100-point Experience Point (XP) bonus by spinning the Poké Ball when you toss it.
How to run from Pokémon
You can run away from a Pokémon instead of catching it by tapping the run icon in the upper left corner of the screen.
What is Stardust and where to get it
Stardust is used to power up your Pokémon’s Combat Power (CP) level. You can get Stardust
by catching Pokémon, hatching Pokémon from an egg, or by controlling a Gym.
What are Candies and where to get them
Candies are used to power up your Pokémon’s CP and to evolve Pokémon into stronger, more advanced creatures. You can get Candies by catching Pokémon, by transferring Pokémon to Professor Willow (your in-game guide who helps you learn how to catch Pokémon), or by hatching Pokémon from an egg. Candies are specific to the Pokémon you receive them from, but evolved forms of Pokémon take their unevolved forms’ Candies. For example, Pikachu Candies can only be used to power up and evolve Pikachu, but Pidgey Candies can be used to power up and evolve Pidgey, Pidgeotto and Pidgeot.
To transfer a Pokémon to Professor Willow, tap the one you want to trade, go to the bottom of the screen, and tap Transfer. You will lose this Pokémon forever (so you should try to transfer Pokémon with lower CP), but you will get one Candy.
Should you level up a Pokémon or evolve it first?
Levelling up your Pokémon usually takes one or two Candies and some Stardust, while evolving
your Pokémon takes anywhere from 12 to 400 Candies. But you’ll get better results if you evolve your Pokémon before levelling them up (this takes some holding out – it’s tempting to spend that Stardust), because evolved forms of Pokémon take their unevolved forms’ Candy and have higher all-around stats.
How high can a Pokémon’s CP get?
You can see your Pokémon’s CP by opening its profile screen. The arc above your Pokémon shows how high its CP can potentially get – further along on the arc means your Pokémon is nearing its maximum CP level. Pokémon’s maximum CP depends on their type (some Pokémon are just naturally stronger) and on your level as a trainer. As you level up, your Pokémon’s maximum CP will increase.
How to rename a Pokémon
Open your Pokémon’s profile screen and tap its name to rename it.
How to get eggs, hatch an egg and why you can’t hatch an egg while driving
You can get eggs from PokéStops, which are realworld locations that let players grab items. Eggs come in three varieties: two-, five- and 10km. To find your eggs, open the Pokémon screen and tap
the Eggs tab at the top of the screen. To hatch an egg, you will need to put it in an incubator (do this by tapping the egg you want to incubate and tapping Start Incubation) and then walk two-, five- or 10km.
In order for your steps to count, you must have the app open while you are walking. Step-counting stops working over certain speeds, so travelling in a car will not count toward your egg-hatching.
Catching Pokémon in a car
Yes. But you should not play Pokémon GO while driving.
If you’re in a moving vehicle and you spot a Pokémon on your map and you tap it, the Pokémon will remain in your view long enough for you to catch it (even if you’re travelling at freeway speeds). You can also grab items from PokéStops in a car, if you tap them and start spinning them before you reach them (you’ll have to be quick). You can’t battle a gym while moving, though.
PokéStops, items, and lures Where to get different items
You can get Poké Balls, eggs, potions, super potions, revives, Razz Berries, Great Balls, Ultra Balls, and Master Balls (powerful types of Poké Balls) from PokéStops. You will get some incense, lucky eggs, lure modules, and egg incubators as
you level up, but these “premium” items can also be purchased in the shop. Here’s a quick rundown of what these items do:
Poké Ball: Used for catching Pokémon. Just toss these at Pokémon you meet in the wild. Egg: These contain Pokémon. You will need to put an egg in an incubator and walk a certain distance (each egg will tell you how long you’ll need to walk) for it to hatch. You will also receive Stardust and Candies upon hatching. Potion: Restore 20 Hit Points (HP) to Pokémon injured in gym battles. Will only work if Pokémon have not fainted. Super Potion: Restore 50HP to Pokémon injured in gym battles. Will only work if Pokémon have not fainted. Revive: Revives a fainted Pokémon and restores half of its HP. Great Ball: Unlocks at level 12. Used for catching Pokémon. These special balls have a higher rate of capture, so you should use them on hard-to-get Pokémon. Ultra Ball: Unlocks at level 20. Used for catching Pokémon. Has a higher rate of capture than a Great Ball. Master Ball: Unlocks at a higher (currently unknown) level. Captures Pokémon every time. Incense: Attracts Pokémon to your location for 30 minutes. Works best if you are moving. Lucky Egg: Doubles your XP for 30 minutes. To rack up XP quickly, use a Lucky Egg in an area where you are likely to meet a lot of Pokémon (near a lure module or while using incense), or right
before you are about to evolve several Pokémon (evolving nets you 500XP). Lure Module: Can be pinned to a PokéStop to attract Pokémon to that location for 30 minutes. Works for everyone near the PokéStop. Incubators: Can be used to incubate and hatch eggs. You can use multiple incubators at once to incubate and hatch multiple eggs.
How often do PokéStops refresh?
PokéStops refresh (and will give you more items) every five minutes.
The pink stuff around a PokéStop
If you see a PokéStop that’s shooting off pink petals, someone has placed a lure module there. Lure modules attract Pokémon for 30 minutes, and everyone who is near the PokéStop will benefit (unlike incense, which only attracts Pokémon to one person). If you head over to a lure module, you’re likely to find a bunch of other friendly Pokémon GO players hanging about.
To place a lure module on a PokéStop, tap the PokéStop and tap the white bar underneath the PokéStop’s name. If you have a lure module in your inventory, you can place this module in the module slot.
Beware of following lure modules to shady parts of town in the middle of the night, though – there may be armed robbers waiting for you.
Why are there no Pokémon/ PokéStops/Gyms near me?
Pokémon GO is, unfortunately, a little biased toward cities, because it relies on landmarks and points of interest. If you live in a small town, or out in the country, you may not see a lot of Pokémon, PokéStops, or Gyms near you.
Gyms What is a Gym?
In addition to PokéStops, you’ll also see Pokémon Gyms – usually larger landmarks – around your city. Gyms are where you can battle other players’ Pokémon for control, pride, and free PokéCoins. You can’t visit gyms until you are level 5 and have chosen a team.
What is a team, and why you need to join one?
When you get to level 5, you’ll be asked to choose a team. There are three teams: Team Instinct (yellow), Team Mystic (blue) and Team Valor (red). Once you pick a team, your job is to fight for control of the Pokémon Gyms around your city – if an opposing team controls a gym, you can battle them for dominance; if your team controls a gym, you can train at the gym or place one of your Pokémon at the gym to defend it from opposing teams.
If you control a gym – or if you have a Pokémon defending a gym (you don’t necessarily have to be the gym leader) – you will get a
defender reward of PokéCoins and Stardust once a day. The main incentive to control gyms is pride, naturally, but PokéCoins can be used to purchase items in the Shop.
Which team should you pick?
It doesn’t really matter which team you pick, but if you have friends playing the game you’ll probably want to get on the same team so you can take over gyms together. The best team, in my unbiased opinion, is Team Instinct.
How to claim a gym
You can claim an empty gym by assigning one of your Pokémon to defend it. To do this, tap the gym on your map and tap the assign button in the lower left corner.
If a gym is currently occupied by an opposing team, you can claim it by battling its current defenders. You can take six Pokémon with you into battle. Each time you win a battle, the gym’s prestige will lower – when the gym’s prestige is at 0, the gym will open up and you can assign a Pokémon to defend it.
Gym power is determined by prestige – the higher a gym’s prestige level, the harder it is for an opposing team to conquer it. Every time the gym’s defenders win a battle against an opposing team, the gym’s prestige level gets higher. And every time the gym’s defenders lose a battle against an opposing team, the gym’s prestige level lowers. If the gym’s prestige level is lowered to 0 (by
multiple lost battles), the gym opens up and can be claimed by any team.
Gym prestige can be increased if friendly team members train their Pokémon at the gym (more on training below). As the gym’s prestige increases, more defence slots will open up, allowing more friendly team members to assign their Pokémon to defend the gym. (You can only assign one Pokémon to a gym.) Higher-level gyms have more slots – a Level 6 gym can have six defending Pokémon, while a Level 10 gym can have 10 defending Pokémon. With each gym level increase, the maximum prestige level also increases. So a Level 1 gym has a maximum prestige level of 2,000, but a Level 3 gym has a maximum prestige level of 8,000.
How battling works
To battle an unfriendly gym, walk up to the gym, tap it, and tap the battle button in the lower right corner. You will see six of your Pokémon pop up – you can swap Pokémon out by tapping them. You may not always want to take your strongest Pokémon into battle – some Pokémon types have advantages against others.
Once you’ve picked your team, tap Go to enter the battle. You have three moves at your disposal: Standard attack, special attack, and dodge. You’ll want to start off with standard attacks, which you can perform by tapping your enemy. You’ll also want to liberally use dodge, which you can do by swiping to the right or the left. Once you’ve performed enough standard attacks to power up your special attack (you can check this by looking
at the blue bars underneath your name), tap and hold to perform your special attack. If you have multiple blue bars, you can perform this attack multiple times.
Why is this enemy Pokémon impossible to beat?
You may encounter a known bug where an enemy Pokémon has 1HP but refuses to die. If you encounter this bug, shut down the app and reopen it. You will have to restart the fight, but all of your Pokémon will be restored to full health.
What happens when a Pokémon get injured or faint
If your Pokémon get injured, you can restore their HP with Potions and Super Potions, which you can pick up from PokéStops. If your Pokémon faints, you will need to revive them with a Revive, which can also be found at PokéStops. You cannot use items during a battle.
How to train a Pokémon at a friendly gym
You can ‘train’ your Pokémon at a friendly gym (a gym owned by your team) by fighting against the Pokémon defending it. To do this, walk up to the gym, tap it, and tap the train icon in the lower right corner. You can only take one Pokémon into battle when you train. Every time you win a battle
against a friendly gym, that gym’s prestige raises. If you lose a battle at a friendly gym, its prestige is not affected.
How to drop a Pokémon at a friendly gym?
If you encounter a friendly gym with an empty slot, you can drop one of your Pokémon there to help defend it. Walk up to the gym, tap it and tap the assign button in the lower left corner. When you drop a Pokémon at a defending gym, you will lose the ability to level it up or evolve it until it’s defeated and comes back to you.
You will not get a notification if your Pokémon faints or is injured in battle and the gym is taken over by another team, but it will show up in your roster to be healed. If the friendly gym does not have an empty slot, you will need to train (win against the gym) until its level raises and a slot opens up.
What you get for being a gym leader
Gym leaders and gym defenders get Stardust and PokéCoins every 21 hours. If you are controlling or helping to defend a gym at the 21st hour, you will get these benefits by going to the Shop and tapping the shield icon in the upper right corner. The highest CP Pokémon defending a gym determines the gym leader.