Just pass­ing through or here for the sea­son?


THIS col­umn con­tin­ues from last week’s in­ves­ti­ga­tion of the dif­fer­ent ways in which birds mi­grate and the rea­sons why.

Sum­mer vis­i­tors are birds that ar­rive in spring from the south to breed. Many are in­sect eaters.

They spend sum­mer here, then they – and their new young – re­turn south in au­tumn.

They in­clude swal­lows and mar­tins, war­blers, fly­catch­ers, wheatears, whin­chats, red­starts, nightin­gales, yel­low wag­tails, tree pip­its, cuck­oos, swifts, night­jars, tur­tle doves, hob­bies, ospreys, terns and Manx shear­wa­ters.

Many other seabirds, such as puffins and gan­nets, also ar­rive on our shores in spring af­ter spend­ing the win­ter at sea.

Win­ter vis­i­tors are birds that ar­rive in au­tumn from the north and east to spend the win­ter in the UK, where the weather is milder and food is eas­ier to find.

In spring, they re­turn to their breed­ing quar­ters.

They in­clude field­fares, red­wings, bram­blings, Bewick’s and whooper swans and many kinds of duck, geese and wad­ing bird.

Many wa­ter birds also spend the win­ter on the sea around the UK coast, in­clud­ing com­mon scot­ers, great north­ern divers and red-necked grebes.

The Laugh­ing Bad­ger Gallery, 99 Platt Street, Pad­field, Glos­sop

●● Whooper swans ar­rive in the UK in the autmn

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