iOS 11

Os­car Ray­mundo looks at the big­gest changes to the mo­bile OS

Macworld - - Contents -

Siri in iOS 11 has learned to sound like an ac­tual hu­man – and that’s just the be­gin­ning when it comes to the new mo­bile op­er­at­ing sys­tem for iPhones and iPads. Ap­ple CEO Tim Cook and friends gave us a full over­view of iOS 11 dur­ing Ap­ple’s WWDC key­note. New fea­tures in­clude sweep­ing new up­grades to Siri, a re­designed Con­trol Cen­ter and App Store, and a brand­new Ap­ple Pay fea­ture that lets you send or re­ceive money to your con­tacts via iMes­sage.

In ad­di­tion, de­vel­op­ers can now cre­ate apps that tap into your iOS de­vice’s po­ten­tial to cre­ate aug­mented re­al­ity ex­pe­ri­ences via the new ARKit. Plus, there are new pro­duc­tiv­ity fea­tures for the iPad, in­clud­ing dra­gand-drop ca­pa­bil­ity and a new Mac-style Dock.

Com­pat­i­ble de­vices

• iPhone 7/Plus • iPhone 6s/Plus

• iPhone 6/Plus • iPhone SE

• iPhone 5s

• iPad Pro (9.7-, 10.5-, 12.9in )

• iPad Air

• iPad Air 2

• iPad (5th gen­er­a­tion)

• iPad mini 2/3/4

• iPod Touch (6th gen­er­a­tion)

Re­lease date

Fol­low­ing a se­ries of de­vel­oper and public be­tas this sum­mer, Ap­ple will make iOS 11 avail­able to ev­ery­one as a free up­grade later this au­tumn – likely around the same time as the launch of the next iPhone, typ­i­cally in early or mid-Septem­ber.

Public beta

Ap­ple will prob­a­bly start rolling out the first public beta in June and any­one can give it a whirl (at their own risk). First, log in to the Beta Soft­ware Pro­gram page (­buxz) us­ing your Ap­ple ID and click on the link to en­rol your iOS de­vice. In order to

down­load and in­stall a con­fig­u­ra­tion pro­file, you’ll be in­structed to go to beta.ap­­file on the iOS de­vice that you want to put the beta on – that will make the beta avail­able as an over-the-air soft­ware up­date in the Set­tings app.

Just re­mem­ber that this is a beta ver­sion of the new soft­ware, so make sure you backup your iOS de­vice be­fore ven­tur­ing into this un­known ter­ri­tory. Bet­ter yet, we rec­om­mend in­stalling the public beta pro­file on a se­condary iOS de­vice (if you have one) so that you can test it with­out fear that it will screw some­thing up. iOS 11 FAQ What new fea­tures does Siri of­fer? The first new thing you’ll no­tice about Siri in iOS 11 is her more-nat­u­ral sound­ing voice. How­ever, she also looks a lit­tle dif­fer­ent: Ap­ple has given its voice as­sis­tant a new vis­ual in­ter­face that sur­faces mul­ti­ple re­sults for your re­quests, as well as fol­low-up ques­tions. In ad­di­tion, Siri can now trans­late phrases for you, from English to Chi­nese, French, Ger­man, Ital­ian, and Span­ish. This

fea­ture is in beta, and Ap­ple will add more lan­guages in the months to come.

Siri has also be­come more pre­dic­tive across dif­fer­ent iOS apps. For ex­am­ple, if you search for “Ice­land” in Sa­fari, Siri will sur­face Ice­land-re­lated ar­ti­cles in the News app and bring up Quick­Type sug­ges­tions in Ice­landic. Or, if you get a text mes­sage ask­ing for money, Siri will sug­gest iMes­sage’s Ap­ple Pay in­te­gra­tion with the ex­act amount that’s been re­quested. Ap­ple has also ex­panded Sir­iKit sup­port to in­clude more ro­bust in­te­gra­tions with third-party ser­vices. You can now use Siri to add to your Ever­note or pull up a QR code in WeChat, among other things.

Can I do more with Live Pho­tos?

Ap­ple has given us more edit­ing tools for Live Pho­tos, those mov­ing images that you can take us­ing an iPhone 6s and later. You can turn your Live Pho­tos into video loops that re­play over... and over... and over. The Pho­tos app will even sug­gest Live Pho­tos that would make for great loops. You can also add a ‘Bounce’ ef­fect so that the Live Photo plays and then rewinds, kind of like In­sta­gram Boomerangs. There’s also a new Long Ex­po­sure ef­fect which makes the iPhone even more like a DSLR.

Do Live Pho­tos take up a lot of space?

That’s true, but thank­fully Ap­ple has ad­dressed this is­sue by switch­ing to a more space ef­fi­cient en­cod­ing sys­tem. For videos, iOS 11 uses HEVC (aka H.265), which is twice as ef­fi­cient as the pre­vi­ous H.264 for­mat. For still pho­tos, iOS 11 uses HEIF (High

Ef­fi­ciency Im­age For­mat) which Ap­ple claims will take up only half the space.

Where will I be able to use Maps in­doors?

Ap­ple con­tin­ues to im­prove the na­tive Maps app in iOS 11. For the first time, you’ll be able to use Maps to nav­i­gate your way around in­door spa­ces. Maps in iOS 11 in­tro­duces in­door map­ping so you can get de­tailed floor plans of cer­tain shop­ping cen­tres and ma­jor air­ports, such as Lon­don Heathrow, down to in­di­vid­ual ven­dors on each floor.

How does ‘Do Not Dis­turb While Driv­ing’ work?

Another fea­ture in­tro­duced at WWDC is iOS 11’s ‘Do Not Dis­turb While Driv­ing’ mode. Your iPhone will use Blue­tooth (if con­nected to CarPlay or any other in­ve­hi­cle Blue­tooth sys­tem) or mo­tion sen­sors to fig­ure out if you’re driv­ing, and will au­to­mat­i­cally pre­vent all no­ti­fi­ca­tions from sur­fac­ing and caus­ing a dis­trac­tion. You can over­ride this mode, how­ever, or setup an au­to­matic re­sponse to let peo­ple who text you know you’re on the road and that you’ll get back to them as soon as you ar­rive at your des­ti­na­tion.

What about aug­mented re­al­ity?

Tim Cook has spent all year talk­ing about how ex­cited he is for aug­mented re­al­ity, so it’s no sur­prise that Ap­ple used this year’s WWDC key­note to show off what they’ve been work­ing on in this emerg­ing area. Along­side iOS 11, Ap­ple un­veiled ARKit, a new de­vel­oper plat­form for cre­at­ing iOS apps that tap into aug­mented re­al­ity. Apps built with ARKit will be able

to use com­puter vi­sion to iden­tify sur­faces and add 3D ob­jects. Th­ese ob­jects cre­ate dy­namic shad­ows that are ren­dered in real-time.

Did the iPad get more macOS-type fea­tures?

There’s a new app Dock that looks a lot like the one in macOS, mak­ing it a lot eas­ier to switch be­tween apps. You can also press on any of th­ese apps and drag them over to the right side of the screen to open them as a Slide Over. As al­ways, you can lock Slide Over into Split View to use both apps si­mul­ta­ne­ously.

The Dock can be ac­cessed from any screen and you can cus­tomize it with your favourite apps. Also, it has

a dy­namic sec­tion on the right side that changes to sug­gest re­cently-used apps across your Ap­ple de­vices.

What about drag-and-drop?

With iOS 11, you can drag-and-drop be­tween the two apps in Split View, which makes it eas­ier to trans­fer files, images, text, and URLs. You can drag-at­tach images from the Pho­tos to Mail, or drag-copy-and­paste di­rec­tions from Sa­fari into Maps.

And how does the new Files app work?

Ap­ple also launched Files, a new iOS app in­tended to make the iPad ex­pe­ri­ence more like a tra­di­tional Mac. Pretty self-ex­plana­tory, Files dis­plays your doc­u­ments stored in iCloud, Drop­box, Google Drive, and other file-stor­age apps.

Are there new ways to use Ap­ple Pen­cil?

Ap­ple has ex­panded Ap­ple Pen­cil sup­port for the iPad Pro. Tap a PDF or screen­shot with the tip of the sty­lus and you’ll be able to scrib­ble on it in­stantly thanks to a new fea­ture called In­stant Markup. Sim­i­larly, you can Pen­cil tap on the Lock screen to start writ­ing. All your hand­writ­ten cre­ations will be saved to your Notes app, and th­ese hand­writ­ten notes are search­able, too.

Notes also has a new built-in Doc­u­ment Scan­ner, al­low­ing you to scan a doc­u­ment, sign it or mark on it with Ap­ple Pen­cil, then save or share. Plus, Notes and Mail now sup­port In­line Draw­ing so you can add colour to your emails and notes. The text will au­to­mat­i­cally move out of the way when you start draw­ing, so ev­ery­thing re­mains leg­i­ble.

A few more things... Con­trol Cen­ter

has been re­designed so that it’s only one panel. You can cus­tomize it with your go-to’s such as Low-Power Mode and use 3D Touch to ad­just more spe­cific con­trols.

App Store

mir­rors the look-and-feel of Ap­ple Mu­sic, with a new Today tab for fea­tured games and apps.

Mes­sages App Drawer

makes it eas­ier to ac­cess your favourite iMes­sage apps by swip­ing across the bot­tom of the screen, in­stead of hav­ing to tap back to the drawer ev­ery time you want to switch apps.

Ap­ple Mu­sic

gets more so­cial. New pro­file pho­tos in­di­cate when one of your friends has lis­tened to a cer­tain al­bums or playlist.

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