Perform like an elite athlete with advice from top GB sprinter Adam Gemili
BE A GOAL SETTER
For me, setting goals is massively important. I won’t start a year without set goals. I have both long-term and short-term goals. At the start of the season I sit down with my coach and we plan where I want to be at different times of the year. We’ll then go through short-term goals for that week, and we’ll review things regularly as well to check if I’ve achieved them. If I didn’t, we set a new goal and ask how I’m going to improve. Training for fun is great but if you’re actually training for something, such as losing weight or a marathon, having goals keeps you on track.
When I first came into the sport, I didn’t really understand goal-setting - I just wanted to race and enjoy it. But as I’ve got older and more aware of my body, I know I need to be working towards something. I’m not just here for fun. At first it was just “I want to run this fast at this championships”. Now my goals are a lot more specific and wide-ranging, and they’re to do with diet, gym training and psychology. It can be annoying to have to sit down and review everything but it’s so important.
My main goal for this year is to win the world championships in London. I want to run to my full potential, I know what times I want to be hitting, and I want the European records in both the 100m and 200m.
STRONG IS FAST
Strength is crucial for sprinting. This year I’ve focused a lot more on my gym work - plyometric and core exercises. It’s also important to develop power. The more powerful and strong you are, the more force you can put through the floor and the faster you can run. But for sprinting, size isn’t always helpful – muscle is dense and you have to carry it while you run. I know how big I need to be and what my targets are for strength.
I lift three times a week, working mostly on explosive power rather than high reps. I do low reps with heavy weights. I do some squatting, power cleans, snatches and bench press [see right for Gemili’s advice on getting the most out of these moves]. I also do a lot of smaller exercises to target specific areas of my body such as my glutes and core, using kit such as medicine balls and gym balls.
I have my gym sessions on my phone and I know exactly what I’m doing and what weights I want to be hitting. And then there’s the mental preparation. I make sure I’m mentally ready for every training session. I enjoy it as well – particularly when the whole group is in there and you’re lifting with other people. But sometimes, if I’ve got a really heavy lift, I’ll just put my headphones in and concentrate on what I’m doing.
The biggest thing for speed is technique, which means being efficient when you sprint. When I see people running I can be a bit critical when I notice how inefficient they are - the upper body is swinging, the arms are going sideways.
Make sure you bring your knees up high and don’t let your heels flick out behind you. If you land with your foot in front of you then you have to use your strength to pull yourself forwards, but if your foot lands under your body or behind you, you’re generating more forward force. Swing your arms up to eye level - with elbows bent at 90° - because that’s where your power comes from.
You also need to work on your speed endurance. You can only maintain your top speed for about ten metres. Winning is about whoever is decelerating the slowest, so it’s vital that when you do get tired you don’t drop your head to the side or get inefficient.
If you want to get faster, try this speed endurance session. Once you’ve warmed up, do 300m, 250m, 200m, 150m and then five or six efforts of 100m. Push yourself to a decent pace but don’t go massively fast or flat-out, and give yourself five minutes’ recovery between runs. You’ll feel it but it’s a good hurt, if that makes sense.
A WINNING MENTALITY
You can be in the shape of your life but if you’re not ready mentally, you won’t run to the best of your ability. Try thinking that it’s the same thing you do in training. It’s your track, your lane – just because there’s a crowd there doesn’t mean you should do anything different. Some people struggle to take their training performance into competition because they lose focus or they get scared. Nerves are OK but if you let them dominate, you’ve lost.
I never trained as hard playing football as I have in athletics. Athletics is a killer. You train so hard that the competition is the easy part and you get to show everyone how fast you can run. The crowd are cheering for you and it’s enjoyable. The happier I am the more relaxed I am and the more relaxed I am the more fluid I move so that mindset helps me to run.
If you’re in a high pressure situation and you feel that nerves are getting to you, go back to your execution. Close your eyes and think about how you’re going to execute it. If you’re sprinting, feel the movements in your head. Think about the process rather than the outcome. Adam Gemili is an ambassador for Muller, which supports British Athletics. Visit mullerathletics2017.com to win tickets to this summer’s athletic events and merchandise