TOP TEN FACTS

Lon­don Un­der­ground

Model Rail (UK) - - Opening The Box -

1. The Metropoli­tan Rail­way is the world’s old­est un­der­ground rail­way. It opened be­tween Padding­ton and Smith­field in 1863. It now forms the ba­sis of the Ham­mer­smith & City Line.

2. The ‘Met’ tun­nels were built us­ing ‘cut and cover’ trenches. The ‘Deep Tube’ lines were dug with tun­nelling shields and lined with iron rings.

3. The North­ern Line features the old­est ‘Deep Tube’ line – be­tween Stock­well and Bor­ough, opened in 1890 – and will soon fea­ture the new­est – the Ken­ning­ton-bat­tersea ex­ten­sion, due to open in 2020.

4. The Lon­don Un­der­ground sys­tem com­prises 249 miles of rail­way.

5. Some 1.37 bil­lion peo­ple use the Un­der­ground ev­ery year and Water­loo is the busiest sta­tion, han­dling over 100,000,000 pas­sen­gers each year.

6. The old­est Un­der­ground pas­sen­ger stock in ev­ery­day ser­vice is the 1938 Stock that’s still be­ing used on the Isle of Wight.

7. Green­wich Power Sta­tion pro­vides emer­gency back-up power for the Un­der­ground; its four gas tur­bine gen­er­a­tors are based on the Rolls-royce Avon jet en­gine.

8. Steam was used on Lon­don Trans­port me­tals un­til 1971, when the last of its EX-GWR ‘57XXS’ were with­drawn.

9. Harry Beck’s fa­mous map was ini­tially re­jected be­cause it didn’t show ge­o­graph­i­cal dis­tances. A lim­ited trial run of 500 copies was pub­lished in 1932… fol­lowed by 700,000 in 1933!

10. Lo­co­mo­tive-hauled pas­sen­ger trains lasted un­til 1962, when the ex-metropoli­tan Rail­way electrics were with­drawn and re­placed by ‘A’ Stock EMUS.

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