How to give CPR to ba­bies

Sunday Mirror - - PUZZLES -

BRI­TISH Heart Foun­da­tion se­nior car­diac nurse

ad­vises par­ents on what do when a baby or child’s heart stops beat­ing.

Christopher Allen

If a baby or a child has a car­diac ar­rest, tak­ing quick ac­tion can save their life.

Recog­nis­ing a car­diac ar­rest is eas­ier than you think – you sim­ply need to check whether some­one is not breath­ing, or is not breath­ing nor­mally.

Gasp­ing sounds or ir­reg­u­lar breaths are not nor­mal.

The most im­por­tant thing you can do at this point is call 999 and make sure an am­bu­lance is on the way to you.

You should also start per­form­ing CPR to keep oxy­gen­rich blood flow­ing around their body and to their brain.

Com­press the chest 30 times to about a third of its depth – use two fin­gers for a baby un­der the age of one, and the heel of one of your hands for a child over the age of one. If you’re not sure, make a judg­ment based on the size of the baby or child in front of you.

After the 30 com­pres­sions, give two res­cue breaths. A baby’s head should be in a straight, neu­tral po­si­tion and your mouth should cover their nose.

For a child, tilt their head back and pinch their nose.

If you’ve had for­mal train­ing in baby and child CPR, you may have been taught dif­fer­ently, but it’s far bet­ter to use the same sim­ple steps as adult CPR on ba­bies and chil­dren than to do noth­ing at all.

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