On this day
King John put the Royal Seal on the Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor.
Edward, the Black Prince, eldest son of Edward III, was born at Woodstock, Oxfordshire.
Wat Tyler, the first poll tax protester, was executed at Smithfield.
Harrow School was founded.
The first greenhouse in Britain was erected in Oxford in preparation for a predicted severe winter. A gardener tended a charcoal fire throughout the night to keep up the temperature.
Charles Goodyear patented his vulcanised rubber process in the
US, making possible the commercial rubber.
The 49th parallel was established as the border between Canada and the USA. use of Florence Nightingale started her School for Nurses at St Thomas’ Hospital, London.
Dictators Hitler and Mussolini met for the first time, in Venice.
Family Allowance payments were introduced in Britain – five shillings (25p) a week for the second child and subsequent children, but no payment the first-born.
The IRA exploded a 3,300lb bomb in Manchester city centre, pictured, causing massive damage and more than 200 injuries, but no fatalities. for The National Lottery pledged to give The National Portrait Gallery £9.4 million to help fund its ‘ biggest ever transformation’.
Richard Baker, broadcaster, 93; Noddy Holder, actor/singer (Slade), 72; Simon Callow, actor, 69; James Belushi, actor, 64; Helen Hunt, actress, 55; Courteney Cox, actress, 54.
To submit a photo for the P&J junior club, send it in advance, along with your child’s name, address and date of birth, to email@example.com or phone 01224 343335.
1996: ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: