The Scotsman

NOW & THEN

- Sports · Adelaide Football Club · Japan · Malta · Amsterdam · Mad Men · New York City · Scotland · England · Government of Ireland · House of Lords · House of Lords · British House of Commons · Highgate · British Army · United States of America · US Open · Germany · Saint Petersburg · Italy · United Kingdom · East Germany · Berlin · Somerset · Virginia · Championship · Richard Nixon · Rome · John Major · Macedonia · Switzerland · Roger Federer · Wrestling · Kamo · Kyoto · Knights Hospitaller · John Baird · William Ewart Gladstone · Government of Ireland · Ireland · Fred Perry · De Havilland Aircraft Company · The Penguin Group · D. H. Lawrence · East Berlin · British Rail · Washington Star · Dorset · Billie Jean King · Gerald Ford · Cindy Nicholas · Yugoslavia

8 SEPTEM­BER

23BC: The first recorded rit­ual Sumo wrestling bout took place. Each year a pri­est still of­fi­ci­ates for the Cer­e­mony of the Crows at the Kamo Shrine, Ky­oto, Ja­pan.

1504: Michelan­gelo’s statue of David was un­veiled in Florence.

1565: The siege of Malta by Turk­ish forces was bro­ken by the Mal­tese and the Knights of St John.

1664: The Dutch set­tle­ment of New Am­s­ter­dam was seized by the English and re­named New York, in hon­our of James, Duke of York.

1820: John Baird and An­drew Hardie, prom­i­nent mem­bers of “The Rad­i­cals” who were on strike from the weav­ing com­mu­ni­ties in Scot­land in out­rage over re­duced wages, were hanged for trea­son fol­low­ing the Bat­tle of Bon­ny­muir.

1831: The corona­tion of Wil­liam IV took place.

1888: The first Foot­ball League matches were played in England.

1893: Wil­liam Glad­stone’s Gov­ern­ment of Ire­land Bill 1893 (known as the sec­ond Home Rule Bill) was ve­toed in the House of Lords by 419 votes to 41, hav­ing pre­vi­ously been passed in the House of Com­mons.

1914: HMS Oceanic, sis­ter to the Ti­tanic and the largest ship in the world of her time, sank off the coast of Scot­land.

1914: Pri­vate Thomas High­gate be­came the first Bri­tish sol­dier to be ex­e­cuted for de­ser­tion dur­ing the First World War.

1934: Fred Perry de­feated Wilmer Al­li­son 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 8-6 to win the US Open.

1941: Ger­many be­gan its block­ade of Len­ingrad dur­ing the Sec­ond World War.

1943: Italy sur­ren­dered to the Al­lies.

1944: The first Ger­man V2 rock­ets fell in Bri­tain.

1948: A Bri­tish De Hav­il­land 08 fighter plane flew faster than sound.

1960: Pen­guin Books charged with pub­lic ob­scen­ity for pub­lish­ing DH Lawrence’s Lady Chat­ter­ley’s Lover.

1960: The Ger­man Demo­cratic Repub­lic lim­ited ac­cess to East Ber­lin for West Ber­lin­ers.

1962: The last steam en­gine built by Bri­tish Rail­ways – “Evening Star” – made the last run of the Pines Ex­press over the Som­er­set and Dorset line.

1968: Vir­ginia Wade beat Bil­lie Jean King to win US Open Ten­nis Cham­pi­onship.

1974: US pres­i­dent Ger­ald Ford par­doned for­mer pres­i­dent Richard Nixon of all fed­eral crimes.

1977: Cana­dian swim­mer Cindy Ni­cholas, 19, crossed the Chan­nel both ways in 19 hours, 55 min­utes.

1990: Euro­pean finance min­is­ters, meet­ing in Rome, agreed to prime min­is­ter John Ma­jor’s plan for mon­e­tary union.

1991: Macedonia voted for in­de­pen­dence from Yu­goslavia.

1992: CBI di­rec­tor-gen­eral be­came the first em­ploy­ers’ rep­re­sen­ta­tive to ad­dress the TUC in its 124-year-his­tory.

2008: Bri­tish ten­nis No1 Andy Mur­ray played in his first ever Grand Slam fi­nal. He faced Swiss player Roger Fed­erer at the US Open, los­ing in straight sets. It was the first time in 11 years that a Bri­tish player had fea­tured in the fi­nal of a Grand Slam event.

 ??  ?? 0 Pen­guin Books was charged with pub­lic ob­scen­ity for pub­lish­ing Lady Chat­ter­ley’s Lover on this day in 1960
0 Pen­guin Books was charged with pub­lic ob­scen­ity for pub­lish­ing Lady Chat­ter­ley’s Lover on this day in 1960

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