Green­wich Hos­pi­tal and School

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Many of the ap­pli­ca­tions in the ADM 29 se­ries are for en­try into Green­wich Hos­pi­tal or for chil­dren to be ad­mit­ted to Green­wich Hos­pi­tal School.

Green­wich Hos­pi­tal was cre­ated as the Royal Hos­pi­tal for Sea­men as a coun­ter­part for the Chelsea Hos­pi­tal for sol­diers es­tab­lished by Queen Mary II in 1692, orig­i­nally for in­jured sailors re­turn­ing from the battle of La Hogue. Orig­i­nally it was housed in the only wing of an un­com­pleted palace at Green­wich. Mary died of small­pox in 1694 and her hus­band Wil­liam III took up the cause in mem­ory of his wife. Sir Christo­pher Wren of­fered his ar­chi­tec­tural ex­per­tise for free to com­plete the hos­pi­tal – in­cor­po­rat­ing the orig­i­nal wing on Mary’s in­struc­tion, the hos­pi­tal was com­pleted based on four courts. In 1869, the hos­pi­tal ceased its func­tion and be­came home to the Royal Naval Col­lege, which is why the site is now known as the Old Royal Naval Col­lege. The hos­pi­tal pro­vided a per­ma­nent home and health­care for in­valid sailors of the Royal Navy and en­try was by ap­pli­ca­tion.

In the orig­i­nal char­ter for the hos­pi­tal there was also pro­vi­sion for a school and as early as 1715 there were at least 10 sons of sailors living at the hos­pi­tal and be­ing ed­u­cated nearby. Ed­u­ca­tion was of­fered to the sons of out-pen­sion­ers as well. By 1800, this in­cluded daugh­ters of pen­sion­ers (although this ceased in 1841). The Green­wich Hos­pi­tal School is now home to the Na­tional Mar­itime Mu­seum.

Green­wich Hos­pi­tal as it would

have looked in 1830

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