TIMELINE:

Tyne & Wear

Who Do You Think You Are? Magazine - - AROUND BRITAIN -

1346

Ship­build­ing on the Wear be­gins in Hen­don with the open­ing of a ship­yard by Thomas Menvill. This is the start of what will even­tu­ally see Sun­der­land be­come the largest ship­build­ing town in the world.

1589

Robert Bowes and John Smith start mak­ing salt at Sun­der­land. The own­ers of a coal pit at Of­fer­ton, they use poorer qual­ity coal to evap­o­rate sea­wa­ter and ex­port the rest to Lon­don as well as East Anglia.

1742

Methodist John Wes­ley preaches in New­cas­tle. He writes: “I was sur­prised: So much drunk­en­ness, curs­ing, and swear­ing… do I never re­mem­ber to have seen and heard be­fore, in so small a compass of time.”

1850

On 29 Au­gust, Queen Vic­to­ria opens New­cas­tle’s Cen­tral Sta­tion. De­signed by John Dob­son, it is con­structed in col­lab­o­ra­tion with Robert Stephen­son who was re­spon­si­ble for the High Level Bridge.

1863

The North East branch of the Co- op­er­a­tive Whole­sale So­ci­ety is founded. Its HQ – Bland­ford House – will be­come home of the Tyne & Wear Ar­chives and Dis­cov­ery Mu­seum.

1876

The open­ing ofo the fa­mous Swing Bridge across the Tyne. It is de­signed by Wil­liam Ge­orge Arm­strong who thee fol­low­ing year will be­come the first en­gi­neer to join thee House of Lords.

1888

An FA Cup tie be­tween Sun­der­land and New­cas­tle is the first com­pet­i­tive fix­ture in what will be­come known as the Tyne-Wear or North- East derby. Sun­der­land win 2-1.

1915

A group of war-wounded Bel­gian sol­diers, the Birt­ley Bel­gians, leave hos­pi­tals in France, Bel­gium and Eng­land to man a mu­ni­tions fac­tory in Birt­ley, Co Durham.

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