Bit fam­i­lies

Your Horse (UK) - - Horse Care -

Snaf­fle Con­sid­ered the mildest bit and suit­able for all ages and ex­pe­ri­ence. They ap­ply lit­tle pres­sure to the poll, nose or chin groove. They can be used in all dis­ci­plines ex­cept high-level dres­sage

Pel­ham This a snaf­fle and the curb of a dou­ble bri­dle rolled into one bit. It has less ac­tion than a dou­ble, mak­ing it use­ful for younger or in­ex­pe­ri­enced horses. It comes in many dif­fer­ent mouth­pieces, from mild to strong, and the cor­rect way to use one is with two reins and a curb chain. Used in all dis­ci­plines ex­cept dres­sage and use­ful for show­ing, hunt­ing and jump­ing

Dou­ble bri­dle A bridoon (snaf­fle with smaller rings) and a Wey­mouth are used to­gether with a curb chain and lip strap. Used widely in show­ing and dres­sage on more ex­pe­ri­enced horses

Gag Re­lated to the snaf­fle but can be quite se­vere. As well as work­ing on the bars, tongue and roof of the mouth, it puts pres­sure on lips and poll

Spe­cial­ist bit For driv­ing, West­ern, in-hand show­ing and more

Bits are avail­able in dif­fer­ent ma­te­ri­als, in­clud­ing stain­less steel, brass al­loy, Ger­man sil­ver, sweet iron, plas­tic and rub­ber. You can also get them with var­i­ous cheek­pieces – loose ring, eg­g­butt, full cheek, Baucher and half cheek.

There are hun­dreds of va­ri­eties of bits on the mar­ket, from very ba­sic to highly spe­cialised. Most fit into these cat­e­gories:

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