the 284th day of 2018. There are 81 days left in the year. On this date in 1991, tes­ti­fy­ing be­fore the Se­nate Ju­di­ciary Com­mit­tee, Anita Hill ac­cused Supreme Court nom­i­nee Clarence Thomas of sex­u­ally harassing her. Thomas re-ap­peared be­fore the panel to de­nounce the pro­ceed­ings as a “high­tech lynch­ing.”

In 1809, just over three years af­ter the fa­mous Lewis and Clark ex­pe­di­tion ended, Meri­wether Lewis was found dead in a Ten­nessee inn, an ap­par­ent sui­cide; he was 35.

In 1884, Amer­i­can first lady Eleanor Roo­sevelt was born in New York City.

In 1910, Theodore Roo­sevelt be­came the first for­mer U.S. pres­i­dent to fly in an air­plane dur­ing a visit to St. Louis.

In 1958, the lu­nar probe Pioneer 1 was launched; it failed to go as far out as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the at­mos­phere.

In 1961, ac­tor-comedian Leonard “Chico” Marx, 74, died in Hol­ly­wood, Calif.

In 1962, Pope John XXIII con­vened the first ses­sion of the Ro­man Catholic Church’s Se­cond Vatican Coun­cil, also known as “Vatican 2.”

In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mis­sion, was launched with as­tro­nauts Wally Schirra, Donn Ful­ton Eisele and R. Wal­ter Cun­ning­ham aboard. The gov­ern­ment of Panama was over­thrown in a mil­i­tary coup.

In 1983, the last full-fledged hand­cranked tele­phone sys­tem in the United States went out of ser­vice when 440 tele­phone cus­tomers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to di­rect-dial ser­vice.

In 1986, Pres­i­dent Ron­ald Rea­gan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gor­bachev opened two days of talks con­cern­ing arms con­trol and hu­man rights in Reyk­javik, Ice­land.

In 1992, in the first of three pres­i­den­tial de­bates, three can­di­dates faced off against one an­other in St. Louis: Pres­i­dent George H.W. Bush, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clin­ton and busi­ness­man Ross Perot.

In 2001, in his first prime-time news con­fer­ence since tak­ing of­fice, Pres­i­dent George W. Bush said “it may take a year or two” to track down Osama bin Laden and his ter­ror­ist net­work in Afghanistan, but he as­serted that, af­ter a five-day aerial bom­bard­ment, “we’ve got them on the run.”

In 2002, for­mer Pres­i­dent Jimmy Carter was named the re­cip­i­ent of the No­bel Peace Prize.

TO­DAY’S BIRTH­DAYS: For­mer U.S. De­fense Sec­re­tary Wil­liam Perry is 91. Ac­tor Ron Leib­man is 81. Ac­tor Amitabh Bachchan is 76. Coun­try singer Gene Wat­son is 75. Singer Daryl Hall (Hall and Oates) is 72. Sen. Patty Mur­ray, D-Wash., rhythm-and-blues mu­si­cian An­drew Wool­folk and ac­tress-di­rec­tor Catlin Adams are 68. Coun­try singer Paulette Carl­son is 67. Ac­tor David Morse is 65. Ac­tor Stephen Spinella is 62. Ac­tress­writer-comedian Dawn French is 61. Pro and Col­lege Foot­ball Hall-of-Famer Steve Young is 57. Ac­tress Joan Cu­sack and rock mu­si­cian Scott John­son (Gin Blos­soms) are 56. Com­edy writer and TV host Michael J. Nel­son is 54. Ac­tors Sean Pa­trick Flan­ery and Len­nie James, and Col­lege Foot­ball Hall-of-Famer and for­mer NFL player Chris Spiel­man are 53. Ac­tor Luke Perry and coun­try singer-song­writer Todd Snider are 52. Ac­tor-comedian Ar­tie Lange is 51. Ac­tress Jane Krakowski is 50. Ac­tress Con­stance Zim­mer is 48. Blue­grass mu­si­cian Leigh Gib­son (The Gib­son Broth­ers) is 47. Fig­ure skater Kyoko Ina is 46. Ac­tor Darien Sill­sE­vans is 44. Ac­tor/writer Nat Faxon and singer NeeNa Lee are 43. Ac­tress Emily Deschanel is 42. Ac­tor Matt Bomer is 41. Ac­tor Trevor Dono­van is 40. Ac­tor Robert Christo­pher Ri­ley is 38. Ac­tress Lucy Grif­fiths is 32. Golfer Michelle Wie is 29.

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