al­lele--- one of the al­ter­na­tive forms of any gene on a chro­mo­some. Each al­lele rep­re­sents a dif­fer­ent vari­a­tion of a phys­i­cal trait and each has one cor­re­spond­ing al­lele on the chro­mo­some’s paired coun­ter­part. For ex­am­ple, one blue-eye al­lele will have one cor­re­spond­ing al­lele that car­ries ei­ther a blue, green or brown-eye trait. an­te­rior--- sit­u­ated near or to­ward the head. anti­gen--- sub­stance, of­ten a pro­tein, that the body’s im­mune sys­tem rec­og­nizes as for­eign and re­acts to by pro­duc­ing an an­ti­body.

Banamine--- trade name of flu­nixin meg­lu­mine, a non­s­teroidal anti-in­flam­ma­tory drug used to con­trol in­flam­ma­tion and pain pri­mar­ily as­so­ci­ated with colic and mus­cle in­juries.

car­bo­hy­drates--- large group of car­bon-based com­pounds, in­clud­ing starches, sug­ars and cel­lu­lose, that are found in plants and form the largest class of an­i­mal foods. Car­bo­hy­drates, to­gether with pro­teins and lipids, are prin­ci­pal com­po­nents of cell pro­to­plasm, the vis­cous fluid that fills plant and an­i­mal cells.

catheter--- flex­i­ble tube in­serted into a body open­ing to re­move or ad­min­is­ter fluid.

cau­dal--- re­fer­ring to a po­si­tion near or to­ward the tail. chro­mo­some--- the self-repli­cat­ing ge­netic struc­ture of cells con­tain­ing the cel­lu­lar DNA that bears in its nu­cleo­tide se­quence the lin­ear ar­ray of genes. Each species has a con­stant num­ber of chro­mo­somes set in pairs in the nu­cleus of each body cell; the horse has 64, or 32 pairs.

cornea--- trans­par­ent mem­brane form­ing the front part of the eye­ball. Light passes through the cornea to the lens.

DNA (de­oxyri­bonu­cleic acid)---large or­ganic mol­e­cule that con­sists of two chains of nu­cleo­tides wound around each other; the ma­te­rial of which genes are made. Genes are re­spon­si­ble for the in­di­vid­ual in­her­ited char­ac­ter­is­tics of liv­ing or­gan­isms.

equine meta­bolic syn­drome (EMS)--en­docrine dis­or­der char­ac­ter­ized by in­creased fat de­posits in spe­cific lo­ca­tions of the body or over­all obe­sity; in­sulin re­sis­tance, which leads to ab­nor­mally high lev­els of the hor­mone cir­cu­lat­ing in the blood­stream; and a pre­dis­po­si­tion to­ward lamini­tis in the ab­sence of other rec­og­nized causes.

fe­cal egg count--- lab­o­ra­tory pro­ce­dure for de­ter­min­ing the num­ber of in­ter­nal-par­a­site eggs in a fe­cal sam­ple; used pri­mar­ily to es­ti­mate a horse’s level of in­fec­tion with as­carids and/or strongyles.

in­sulin re­sis­tance--- meta­bolic dis­or­der, sim­i­lar to type 2 di­a­betes, that oc­curs when cer­tain cells in the body become less sen­si­tive to the ac­tion of in­sulin, and nor­mal amounts of the hor­mone can no longer keep ad­e­quate amounts of glu­cose mov­ing into the cells for use as fuel.

lamini­tis--- in­flam­ma­tion of the sen­si­tive plates of soft tis­sue (lam­i­nae) within the horse’s foot caused by phys­i­cal or phys­i­o­logic in­jury. Se­vere cases of lamini­tis may re­sult in founder, an in­ter­nal de­for­mity of the foot. Acute lamini­tis sets in rapidly and usu­ally re­sponds to ap­pro­pri­ate, in­ten­sive treat­ment, while chronic lamini­tis is a per­sis­tent, long-term con­di­tion that may be un­re­spon­sive to treat­ment. mandible--- the lower jaw­bone.

na­so­gas­tric tube--- flex­i­ble tube in­serted into the nos­trils and passed into the stom­ach to in­tro­duce or drain fluid (re­flux).

non­s­teroidal anti-in­flam­ma­tory drug (NSAID) ---drug that con­tains no steroids and acts to re­duce heat and swelling.

phenylbu­ta­zone (“bute”)---generic name for an odor­less anti-in­flam­ma­tory med­i­ca­tion used in the man­age­ment of joint, bone and mus­cle in­juries or disor­ders.

placebo--- prepa­ra­tion con­tain­ing no med­i­ca­tion, ad­min­is­tered in or­der to sim­u­late treat­ment.

pro­tein--- large mol­e­cule com­posed of one or more chains of amino acids in a spe­cific or­der. Pro­teins are re­quired for the struc­ture, func­tion and reg­u­la­tion of the body’s cells, tis­sues and or­gans, and each pro­tein has unique func­tions. Sim­ple pro­teins con­sist only of amino acids.

Con­ju­gated pro­teins con­sist of amino acids joined to other com­plex mol­e­cules. De­rived pro­teins are the prod­ucts of chem­i­cal changes to other pro­teins.

si­nusi­tis--- in­flam­ma­tion of one or more of the cav­i­ties sur­round­ing the nasal pas­sages.

stereo­typy--- repet­i­tive, com­pul­sive be­hav­ior that serves no func­tion. Ex­am­ples of stereo­typ­ies in horses in­clude crib­bing, weav­ing and stall walk­ing. thrush--- hoof dis­ease char­ac­ter­ized by de­gen­er­a­tion of the frog and a thick, foulsmelling dis­charge.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from USA

© PressReader. All rights reserved.