The day Jeri­cho is es­tab­lished

iD magazine - - History -

Was Jeri­cho the world’s first city? Around 3,000 peo­ple are thought to have lived there circa 8000 BC. But ar­chae­ol­o­gists are puz­zled: Why would peo­ple es­tab­lish such a com­plex com­mu­nity 10,000 years ago? Hu­mans tend to gather in set­tle­ments when they are spe­cial­ized and gen­er­at­ing sur­pluses. For ex­am­ple: A farmer pro­duces more crops than he needs, but he re­quires tools. But in 8000 BC, peo­ple could not even make pot­tery or work with metals. Jeri­cho re­mains a mys­tery. But the fact is: The first so­cial com­mu­ni­ties are formed in ci­ties like Jeri­cho— and mod­ern struc­tures soon fol­low. Only 3,000 years later the first sup­ply net­works ap­pear in Eridu (mod­ern­day Iraq), along with a sewer sys­tem and a rudi­men­tary ad­min­is­tra­tive ap­pa­ra­tus.

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