Mem­o­ra­bilia of Nan­jing Road

Los Angeles Times - - SHANGHAI -

Shang­hai opened its port on Novem­ber 17 after the sign­ing of the Treaty of Nan­jing. Then Shang­hai gover­nor Gong Mu­jiu an­nounced Shang­hai Land Reg­u­la­tions and the Bri­tish es­tab­lished set­tle­ment from the Bund to to­day’s He­nan Road. The Bri­tish set up the first race­course at the cross­road of He­nan and Nan­jing roads. Park Lane, also called Maloo, was con­structed to con­nect the Bund with the first race­course. The sec­ond race­course was built be­tween to­day’s Xizang and Zhe­jiang roads. The third race­course was built on to­day’s Peo­ple’s Square. The Park Lane was ex­tended to the Bub­bling Well Tem­ple and thus called the Bub­bling Well Road, which is to­day’s Nan­jing Road W. Park Lane was re­named Nan­jing Road, and gas street lamps were used for the first time. The first tele­phones were in­stalled in some shops on Nan­jing Road. Shang­hai Power Com­pany, China’s first power plant, was founded on Nan­jing Road. For­eign com­pa­nies along the eastern sec­tion of Nan­jing Road be­gan us­ing elec­tric lights. Tap wa­ter started to be used on Nan­jing Road. The Palace Ho­tel, Shang­hai’s first build­ing to be in­stalled with el­e­va­tors, was erected at the in­ter­sec­tion of Nan­jing Road and the Bund. Nan­jing Road was paved with el­e­gant wood bricks. The first trol­ley car route started from the Bund to to­day’s Jing’an Tem­ple via Nan­jing Road. Dr Sun Yat-sen gave a speech in the Palace Ho­tel dur­ing a ban­quet to cel­e­brate his vic­tory in the pres­i­den­tial elec­tion. Sin­cere Co was the first of the four fa­mous de­part­ment stores to open on Nan­jing Road. Wing On Co, Sun Sun Co and Sun Co fol­lowed soon af­ter­ward be­tween 1918 and 1936. Shang­hai’s first bus ap­peared on Nan­jing Road and plied be­tween Jing’an Tem­ple and Zhong­shan Park. Al­bert Ein­stein de­liv­ered a speech on the the­ory of rel­a­tiv­ity in the town hall of Shang­hai Mu­nic­i­pal Coun­cil on Nan­jing Road. Shang­hai Mu­nic­i­pal Po­lice of­fi­cers opened fire on Chi­nese protesters and killed 13 peo­ple on Nan­jing Road. The May 30 Mas­sacre sparked in­ter­na­tional cen­sure and na­tion­wide an­tifor­eign demon­stra­tions. The 83.8-me­ter-high Park Ho­tel was China’s tallest build­ing for nearly half a century. The gov­ern­ment re­named Nan­jing Road into Nan­jing Road E. and Bub­bling Well Road into Nan­jing Road W.

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