New laws go into ef­fect Oct. 1

Laws on drunken driv­ing, pub­lic safety, work­ers’ rights, be­gin in Md.

Maryland Independent - - Front Page - By SAM REILLY, KATISHI MAAKE, ELEANOR MUELLER, ROB­BIE GREENSPAN, VICKIE CON­NOR

Laws on drunken driv­ing, pub­lic safety, work­ers’ rights, be­gin in Mary­land

Start­ing Oct. 1, var­i­ous laws will go into ef­fect in Mary­land, in­clud­ing laws to de­ter drunken driv­ing, in­crease po­lice ac­count­abil­ity and pub­lic safety, pro­mote work­ers’ rights, es­tab­lish opi­oid ad­dic­tion out­reach pro­grams and pro­tect the free­dom of the press.

Here is a roundup, by sub­ject area, of some of the leg­is­la­tion that be­gins Satur­day:

Courts and civil pro­ceed­ings Chil­dren in Need of As­sis­tance, Guardian­ship, Adop­tion, Cus­tody, and Vis­i­ta­tion — Blind­ness of Par­ent/Guardian (SB765): In cases with dis­abled par­ents, dis­abil­i­ties, in­clud­ing blind­ness, can­not dis­credit the par­ent un­less proven that the dis­abil­ity is not in the best in­ter­est of the child. Di­vorce — Cor­rob­o­ra­tion of Tes­ti­mony (SB359, HB274): Re­vers­ing pre­vi­ous laws, this al­lows courts to en­ter de­crees of di­vorce on be­half of one spouse with­out the agree­ment of the other. It also es­tab­lishes that a sep­a­ra­tion agree­ment is no longer suf­fi­cient to show both spouses want an ab­so­lute di­vorce. Tes­ti­mony by Per­jurer (SB150, HB237): Peo­ple who have been con­victed of per­jur­ing them­selves, or ly­ing un­der oath, will no longer be pro­hib­ited from tes­ti­fy­ing in court. SAM REILLY Crimes, corrections and pub­lic safety

Pro­vid­ing Al­co­hol to Un­der­age Drinkers/Alex and Calvin’s

Law (HB409): Fol­low­ing the death of Alex Murk and Calvin Li in a 2015 drunken-driv­ing ac­ci­dent af­ter a party, this law pro­hibits a per­son from al­low­ing un­der­age in­di­vid­u­als to con­sume al­co­hol if they

should have known that in­di­vid­ual would drive un­der the in­flu­ence. Jus­tice Rein­vest­ment Act (SB1005): The law ex­pands drug treat­ment in the state health depart­ment, and treat­ment for sub­stance abuse and men­tal health through the corrections depart­ment, in­clud­ing risk and needs as­sess­ments to de­ter­mine risks of re­of­fend­ing. The law also calls for plans for in­mate re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion. Pub­lic Safety and Polic­ing

Work­group (HB1016): This law en­acts a num­ber of sug­ges­tions from the Pub­lic Safety and Polic­ing Work­group, in­clud­ing pro­tect­ing law en­force­ment of­fi­cers from be­ing pe­nal­ized or re­tal­i­ated against for dis­clos­ing in­for­ma­tion, and es­tab­lish­ing the Mary­land Po­lice Train­ing and Stan­dards Com­mis­sion within the Depart­ment of Pub­lic Safety and Cor­rec­tional Ser­vices. Seizure and For­fei­ture (SB161/HB336): This law out­lines pro­ce­dures for seizure and for­fei­ture of prop­erty from a ve­hi­cle or other lo­ca­tion, such as no­ti­fy­ing the owner that it has been seized, within a spe­cific amount of time. The law also re­peals a pro­vi­sion that al­lowed for the for­fei­ture of drug-re­lated money and weapons. Child Abuse and Ne­glect (SB310, HB245): Any­one in­volved in an in­ves­ti­ga­tion of child abuse or ne­glect must re­port sus­pi­cions of

an­other in­di­vid­ual know­ingly fail­ing to re­port child abuse to the ap­pro­pri­ate board, agency, in­sti­tu­tion or fa­cil­ity. Crim­i­nal Law — Stalk­ing (SB278/HB155): This law ex­pands the def­i­ni­tion of stalker from inciting phys­i­cal fears or threats to in­clude caus­ing emo­tional dis­tress. Pre­trial Re­lease — Prior

Crime of Vi­o­lence (SB604): A Dis­trict Court com­mis­sioner may not au­tho­rize the pre­trial re­lease of de­fen­dants who have been con­victed of a spec­i­fied crime or a crime of vi­o­lence. SAM REILLY Eco­nomic mat­ters

Equal Pay for Equal Work (SB 481): An ex­pan­sion of the cur­rent law, this leg­is­la­tion pro­hibits em­ploy­ers from pay­ing em­ploy­ees of one gen­der iden­tity at a lesser rate than other em­ploy­ees. The bill also states that em­ploy­ers may not pro­hibit em­ploy­ees from dis­cussing or dis­clos­ing salaries. Min­i­mum Wage for the

Dis­abled (SB 417): Start­ing Oct. 1, the Com­mis­sioner of La­bor and In­dus­try can­not au­tho­rize a work ac­tiv­i­ties cen­ter or other shel­tered work­shop to pay an em­ployee with a dis­abil­ity a sub­min­i­mum wage un­less granted prior per­mis­sion to do so. Un­til Oct. 1, 2020, how­ever, em­ploy­ers with prior per­mis­sion may con­tinue to do so. Af­ter­ward, no em­ployer — un­der any cir­cum­stance — can pay a sub­min­i­mum wage to a dis­abled em­ployee. Ap­pren­tice­ships (SB 92): Mem­bers of the Mary­land Ap­pren­tice­ships and Train­ing Coun­cil and its con­sul­tants must re­flect ge­o­graphic, racial, eth­nic, cul­tural and gen­der di­ver­sity within the state. KATISHI MAAKE Ed­u­ca­tion

Stu­dent Jour­nal­ists (SB 764): Stu­dent jour­nal­ists in pub­lic ele­men­tary or se­condary schools or pub­lic in­sti­tu­tions of higher ed­u­ca­tion have the right to exercise free­dom of speech and free­dom of the press in school-sponsored me­dia, with some re­stric­tions. Each county board of ed­u­ca­tion and pub­lic in­sti­tu­tion of higher ed­u­ca­tion must write a pol­icy that may in­clude lim­i­ta­tions on abu­sive or threat­en­ing lan­guage or pro­fan­ity.

Uni­ver­sity of Mary­land Strate­gic Part­ner­ship Act (SB

1052): The law ce­ments a part­ner­ship between the Uni­ver­sity of Mary­land, Col­lege Park and the Uni­ver­sity of Mary­land, Bal­ti­more and calls for them to be named the Uni­ver­sity of Mary­land. Ad­di­tion­ally, it calls for the Uni­ver­sity Sys­tem of Mary­land to cre­ate a head­quar­ters in Bal­ti­more by July 1. The al­liance lever­ages re­sources on both cam­puses to im­prove aca­demic pro­grams, and eco­nomic

and com­mu­nity de­vel­op­ment. Con­sumer Pro­tec­tion Pro­vi­sions (SB 427): Pri­vate ca­reer schools and for-profit in­sti­tu­tions can no longer en­roll students in pro­grams that are in­tended to lead to em­ploy­ment in fields that re­quire a li­cense or cer­ti­fi­ca­tion in Mary­land, but don’t meet state re­quire­ments. Vi­o­la­tions will be sub­ject to civil and crim­i­nal penal­ties. KATISHI MAAKE En­vi­ron­ment and nat­u­ral re­sources

Green­house Gas Emis­sions (SB 323): This bill re­peals the ter­mi­na­tion date of the cur­rent re­quire­ment to re­duce green­house gas emis­sions by 25 per­cent from 2006 lev­els by 2020 and re­quires the State to re­duce GHG emis­sions by 40 per­cent from 2006 lev­els by 2030.

Pol­li­na­tor Pro­tec­tion Act — Bees (SB 113/HB 132) (SB 198/

HB 211): Re­peals the re­quire­ment that a per­son must re­quest or pro­vide an en­try per­mit from the Mary­land Depart­ment of Agri­cul­ture be­fore ship­ping or trans­port­ing a bee colony or used bee equip­ment into the state. How­ever, any colony or used bee equip­ment shipped or trans­ported into the state must still carry an in­spec­tion cer­tifi­cate from the state of ori­gin. So­lar Elec­tric Gen­er­at­ing Fa­cil­ity (SB 811/HB 440): Re­quires elec­tric com­pa­nies to is­sue fi­nal ap­proval to op­er­ate a cus­tomer-gen­er­a­tor’s so­lar elec­tric fa­cil­ity on the com­pany’s dis­tri­bu­tion fa­cil­i­ties within 20 busi­ness days af­ter the com­ple­tion of the in­stal­la­tion process and re­ceipt of pa­per­work. An elec­tric com­pany must meet these re­quire­ments for at least 90 per­cent of in­stal­la­tions dur­ing the year in their ser­vice ter­ri­tory. Oys­ters: Aqua­cul­ture — Li­a­bil­ity for Tres­pass (HB 799): Es­tab­lishes that a per­son who will­fully, neg­li­gently, reck­lessly, wrong­fully, or ma­li­ciously en­ters any area leased to an­other per­son for aqua­cul­ture pur­poses to har­vest, dam­age, or trans­fer shell­fish or to al­ter, dam­age, or re­move any mark­ings or equip­ment is li­able for spec­i­fied dam­ages, which may in­clude at­tor­ney fees or court costs. Oys­ters: Dredg­ing (HB 319): Makes some pro­vi­sions re­lated to dredg­ing for oys­ters, in­clud­ing lim­ited au­tho­riza­tion of dredge boats to be pro­pelled by an auxiliary yawl boat, ap­pli­ca­ble only to ves­sels that meet spec­i­fied stan­dards. The law also re­peals re­quire­ments for num­bers that must be dis­played on a dredge boat. ELEANOR MUELLER Fis­cal mat­ters

Mary­land In­come Tax Re­funds — War­rant In­ter­cept

Pro­gram (SB 425/HB 390): If an in­di­vid­ual has an out­stand­ing war­rant, county of­fi­cials may re­quest that the comptroller with­hold that per­son’s in­come tax re­fund, in­clud­ing ac­tive duty mem­bers of the U.S. Armed Forces. The state must also study the pro­gram to en­sure there is no racial bias.

Se­nior Cit­i­zen Ac­tiv­i­ties Cen­ter Op­er­at­ing Fund (SB 98, SB 805/HB 262): This law in­creases, from $500,000 to $750,000, the min­i­mum an­nual fund­ing to the fund, re­quires ad­di­tional ex­pen­di­tures un­der spec­i­fied cir­cum­stances, and al­ters how the funds are dis­trib­uted to ju­ris­dic­tions. ELEANOR MUELLER Gam­ing, rac­ing and sports

Gam­ing — Home Games

(HB 127): Any­one 21 years or older can bet on home card games or mahjong as long as the games do not oc­cur more than once a week and are played with friends. There is a $1,000 limit per 24-hour pe­riod and no fees may be charged.

State Lot­tery and Video Lot­tery Fa­cil­ity Pay­outs — Re­mit­tance of In­ter­cepted Prizes (SB 78): The bill re­peals the 15-day wait­ing pe­riod for the State Lot­tery and Gam­ing Con­trol Agency to trans­fer the lot­tery prize pay­out of a winner who is over­due on child-sup­port pay­ments. ROB­BIE GREENSPAN Health care and health in­sur­ance

Opi­oid-As­so­ci­ated Dis­ease Pre­ven­tion and Out­reach

Pro­grams (SB 97): The bill re­peals Prince George’s County AIDS-re­lated nee­dle ex­change pro­gram, and will in­stead au­tho­rize health de­part­ments or com­mu­nity-based or­ga­ni­za­tions in ev­ery county to es­tab­lish an opi­oid-as­so­ci­ated dis­ease pre­ven­tion and out­reach pro­gram, with the ap­proval of the Depart­ment of Health and Men­tal Hy­giene. Hos­pi­tals — Des­ig­na­tion of Lay Care­givers (HB 1277): A hos­pi­tal is re­quired be­fore the pa­tient is dis­charged to pro­vide a pa­tient or their le­gal guardian with an op­por­tu­nity to des­ig­nate a “lay care­giver.”

State Board of Physi­cians — Li­cens­ing Ex­emp­tion — Physi­cians with Trav­el­ing Ath­letic and Sports Teams (HB 119): Physi­cians are ex­empt from state li­cens­ing re­quire­ments, in­clud­ing the re­quire­ment to sub­mit to a crim­i­nal his­tory records check. ROB­BIE GREENSPAN State govern­ment

Open Meet­ings Act —

Agen­das (HB 217): Agen­das for pub­lic body meet­ings must be made avail­able to the pub­lic at the time of the no­tice of the meet­ing or at least 24 hours be­fore the meet­ing. Open Meet­ings Act — (SB 17, HB 984): Pub­lic bod­ies will keep a writ­ten copy of min­utes or video or au­dio record­ings for five years in­stead of one of an open ses­sion. VICKIE CON­NOR Trans­porta­tion Drunk Driv­ing Re­duc­tion Act/ Noah’s Law (SB 945): The Mo­tor Ve­hi­cle As­so­ci­a­tion will re­quire peo­ple con­victed of driv­ing un­der the in­flu­ence of al­co­hol or driv­ers found to have a blood al­co­hol level of .08 or higher to use the Ig­ni­tion In­ter­lock Sys­tem Pro­gram for a spe­cific amount of time. This bill was ini­ti­ated af­ter Mont­gomery County Po­lice Of­fi­cer Noah Leotta was struck and killed by a drunk driver. A sticker hon­or­ing the of­fi­cer will be on each in­ter­lock de­vice. Death or In­jury by Ve­hi­cle (SB0160, HB157): The law in­creases penal­ties for of­fend­ers who com­mit ve­hic­u­lar man­slaugh­ter who have been con­victed of driv­ing un­der the in­flu­ence of drugs or al­co­hol pre­vi­ously. Of­fend­ers can now face up to 15 years in prison and $15,000 in fines.

Mo­tor Ve­hi­cle In­sur­ance — Car­ry­ing Proof of Cov­er­age (SB 0544, HB 0720): This law re­quires driv­ers to have a cur­rent in­sur­ance

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