Pioneering director of filmdom’s zombies
NEW YORK — George Romero, whose classic Night
of the Living Dead and other horror films turned zombie movies into social commentaries, has died. He was 77.
Romero died Sunday after a battle with lung cancer, his family said in a statement provided by his manager Chris Roe. Romero’s family said he died while listening to the score of The Quiet Man, one of his favorite films, with his wife, Suzanne Desrocher, and daughter, Tina Romero, by his side.
Romero is credited with reinventing the movie zombie with his directorial debut, the 1968 cult classic Night of the
Living Dead. The movie set the rules imitators lived by: Zombies move slowly, lust for human flesh and can only be killed when shot in the head. If a zombie bites a human, the person dies and returns as a zombie.
Romero’s zombies, however, were always more than mere cannibals. They were metaphors for conformity, racism, mall culture, militarism, class differences and other social ills.
“The zombies, they could be anything,” Romero told The Associated Press in 2008. “They could be an avalanche, they could be a hurricane. It’s a
disaster out there. The stories are about how people fail to respond in the proper way. They fail to address it. They keep trying to stick where they are, instead of recognizing maybe this is too big for us to try to maintain. That’s the part of it that I’ve always enjoyed.” Night of the Living Dead,
made for about $100,000, featured flesh-hungry ghouls trying to feast on humans holed up in a Pennsylvania house. In 1999, the Library of Congress inducted the black-and-white masterpiece into the National Registry of Films.
Romero’s death was immediately felt across a wide spectrum of horror fans and filmmakers. Stephen King, whose
The Dark Half was adapted by Romero, called him his favorite collaborator and said, “There will never be another like you.” Guillermo del Toro called the loss “enormous.”
Many considered Night
of the Living Dead to be a critique on racism in America. The sole black character survives the zombies, but he is fatally shot by rescuers. Jordan Peele, the Get Out filmmaker, on Sunday tweeted a photo of that character, played by Duane Jones, and wrote: “Romero started it.”
George Andrew Romero was born Feb. 4, 1940, in New York City.