Pay plan ben­e­fits range of work­ers

Northwest Arkansas Democrat-Gazette - - FRONT PAGE - MICHAEL R. WICKLINE

The big­gest ben­e­fi­cia­ries of the over­haul of the state gov­ern­ment pay plan work in a wide range of cat­e­gories, some agency ad­min­is­tra­tors, reg­is­tered nurses, in­for­ma­tion-tech­nol­ogy em­ploy­ees and var­i­ous en­try-level work­ers.

The re­vamped pay plan cov­ers more than 25,000 full-time state work­ers and be­came ef­fec­tive in the fis­cal year that started July 1.

It doesn’t cover Arkansas Game and Fish Com­mis­sion and De­part­ment of Trans­porta­tion em­ploy­ees. Nor does it ap­ply to the seven con­sti­tu­tional of­fi­cers and leg­isla­tive and ju­di­cial

branches, said Scott Hardin, a spokesman for the state De­part­ment of Fi­nance and Ad­min­is­tra­tion.

“This plan will not only pro­vide a salary in­crease of at least 1 per­cent to all state em­ploy­ees [cov­ered by the pay plan], but it will most im­por­tantly boost the state’s com­pet­i­tive­ness with salaries in the pri­vate sec­tor,” Gov. Asa Hutchin­son said in a re­cent writ­ten state­ment to the Arkansas Demo­crat-Gazette.

“This will no doubt help with the re­ten­tion of good em­ploy­ees and the state’s abil­ity to re­ward qual­ity per­for­mance,” he said.

“Ef­fi­ciency in state gov­ern­ment has al­ways been a fo­cus of mine, and hav­ing the abil­ity to keep knowl­edge­able, re­li­able and cre­ative em­ploy­ees in state gov­ern­ment will go a long way to­ward mak­ing gov­ern­ment leaner and more ef­fi­cient for all Arkansans,” Hutchin­son said.

The new pay plan also doesn’t cover em­ploy­ees at the state’s two- and four-year col­leges, al­though it does in­clude em­ploy­ees at Crow­ley’s Ridge Tech­ni­cal In­sti­tute, River­side Vo­ca­tional Tech School and North­west Tech­ni­cal In­sti­tute, Hardin said.

The plan is on track to cost about $57 mil­lion to $60 mil­lion on to­tal salaries in this fis­cal year, he said.

The plan boosted the av­er­age an­nual salary for the em­ploy­ees it cov­ers from $38,461 as of June 15 to $40,772 in the new fis­cal year, Hardin said.

The av­er­age salary for about 27,000 em­ploy­ees in the com­put­er­ized ac­count­ing sys­tem, which also in­cludes the Game and Fish Com­mis­sion, some con­sti­tu­tional of­fice and leg­isla­tive and ju­di­cial branch em­ploy­ees, in­creased from $39,684 to $42,071, he said.

Ac­cord­ing to the fi­nance de­part­ment, 12,769 of the em­ploy­ees in the pay plan re­ceived more than a 2 per­cent raise, while 797 em­ploy­ees re­ceived a 1 per­cent to 2 per­cent raise, and 11,672 re­ceived a 1 per­cent raise.

An­other 51 em­ploy­ees got no pay raise — about half be­cause they are new to the state pay­roll and the other half be­cause they are em­ploy­ees at Crow­ley’s Ridge Tech­ni­cal In­sti­tute as a re­sult of leg­is­la­tion that blocked their raises, said Hardin.

The pay raises be­came ef­fec­tive July 2 and showed up in checks on July 21. The fi­nance de­part­ment pro­vided in­for­ma­tion about each em­ployee’s raise on Aug. 1 in re­sponse to the Demo­crat-Gazette’s pub­lic-records re­quest.

The pay over­haul is the first since 2009. The state per­son­nel ad­min­is­tra­tor, Kay Barn­hill, has said the la­bor mar­ket has change dra­mat­i­cally since then.

Dur­ing four of the pre­vi­ous seven fis­cal years, em­ploy­ees re­ceived no costof-liv­ing raise, ac­cord­ing to state records. They re­ceived a 1 per­cent cost-of-liv­ing raise in 2016 and 2 per­cent cost-ofliv­ing raises in fis­cal 2011 and 2014.

The leg­is­la­tion au­tho­riz­ing the new pay plan — Act 365 of 2017, spon­sored by Sen. Bart Hester, R-Cave Springs — sailed through the Repub­li­can-con­trolled Leg­is­la­ture with­out a dis­sent­ing vote.

The Se­nate voted 34-0 to ap­prove the mea­sure, and the House voted 93-0 to send it to Hutchin­son for his sig­na­ture.

The gov­er­nor told the Arkansas State Em­ploy­ees As­so­ci­a­tion’s an­nual con­ven­tion on Fri­day that “we are go­ing to take some heat” for the new pay plan, re­fer­ring to the Demo­crat-ar­ti­cle.

“You’ve got some peo­ple that are say­ing ‘well there is some that got too much [and] there are oth­ers that got too lit­tle.’ It’s not per­fect, but it’s a huge step for­ward. We can ad­just it as time goes on, but it is an in­vest­ment in our most pre­cious re­source and that is you,” Hutchin­son said.


The pay over­haul is be­ing fi­nanced pri­mar­ily through bud­get sav­ings, Hardin said. Ad­di­tional funds are avail­able in the merit ad­just­ment fund for agen­cies that may need ex­tra as­sis­tance to cover the cost of im­ple­ment­ing the new plan.

The pay­roll for most state agen­cies that don’t in­clude the col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties to­taled $1.2 bil­lion in fis­cal 2016 and is pro­jected to be $1.2 bil­lion in fis­cal 2018, based on the first two pay pe­ri­ods un­der the new plan. The amount didn’t change be­cause of “agency merg­ers, not fill­ing po­si­tions that be­came va­cant, etc.,” dur­ing this pe­riod, Hardin said.

Hardin said the de­part­ment didn’t have in­for­ma­tion about the to­tal state pay­roll in fis­cal 2017 or 2018.

Ear­lier this year, an­other de­part­ment spokesman said that the pay­roll to­taled $3.039 bil­lion in fis­cal 2016 with 59,929 full-time em­ploy­ees, in­clud­ing col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties at the end of fis­cal 2016.

Hester said in an in­ter­view that “the re­al­ity was when we looked at this [pay plan], we didn’t have the money to give ev­ery­body the raise they de­served. The pur­pose was to re­cruit and re­tain ta­lented peo­ple, and we de­cided to start with the re­cruit­ing side.

“We hope we can come in two years [in the 2019 ses­sion] and help the tenured peo­ple as well,” he said. “We wanted some­thing that we can build on, and I think that’s some­thing we have done.”

John Bridges, as­sis­tant di­rec­tor of the Arkansas State Em­ploy­ees As­so­ci­a­tion, called the new plan “a great start.”

“They tar­geted a lot of high turnover po­si­tions, such as [in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy] and nurses and pro­gram el­i­gi­bil­ity spe­cial­ists,” he said in an in­ter­view.

Bridges said he hopes the Leg­is­la­ture and Hutchin­son will next bol­ster the salaries of em­ploy­ees who re­ceived only a 1 per­cent raise to take care of “salary com­pres­sion,” un­der which some long-term em­ploy­ees “are just barely above the new peo­ple now.”

Asked by a state em­ployee what he is go­ing to do to boost veteran em­ploy­ees’ salaries in the fu­ture, Hutchin­son told the as­so­ci­a­tion’s con­ven­tion that “that will con­tinue to be a lit­tle bit of a sore point.

“Ob­vi­ously the goal of the pay plan was to be able to re­cruit and re­tain. It is not per­fect for some long­time em­ploy­ees. Ev­ery­body got some­thing in there. But I un­der­stand that con­cern and I am sym­pa­thetic to it,” he said.

State em­ploy­ees also will be el­i­gi­ble for merit raises in­stead of one-time merit bonuses this fis­cal year based on a new per­for­mance re­view process, Hardin said. The spe­cific per­cent­ages for the merit raises will be de­ter­mined by the gov­er­nor and the state Of­fice of Per­son­nel Man­age­ment. “Many [states], like Arkansas, haven’t ad­dressed [their pay plans] in some time due to bud­getary con­straints, but are hav­ing to now be­cause the pay has not been com­pet­i­tive with other em­ploy­ers, lim­it­ing states’ abil­i­ties to re­cruit and re­tain em­ploy­ees,” said Les­lie Scott, di­rec­tor of the Na­tional As­so­ci­a­tion of State Per­son­nel Ex­ec­u­tives.

“Some have been able to pro­vide ad­just­ments, some haven’t. Some have im­ple­mented across-the-board ad­just­ments, oth­ers have tar­geted hard-tofill and hard-to-re­tain po­si­tions,” she said. “In gen­eral, state com­pen­sa­tion lags the mar­ket and over the course of the past few years the dif­fer­ence be­tween state gov­ern­ment com­pen­sa­tion and the pri­vate sec­tor has widened.”


The over­haul cre­ates four com­pen­sa­tion “ta­bles” to re­place the pre­vi­ous two ta­bles.

There is now a gen­eral salary ta­ble for em­ploy­ees in more than 23,600 po­si­tions, a med­i­cal pro­fes­sional salary ta­ble for nearly 900 po­si­tions, an in­for­ma­tion-tech­nol­ogy salary ta­ble for more than 700 po­si­tions and a se­nior ex­ec­u­tive salary ta­ble for nearly 150 po­si­tions.

Em­ploy­ees on the gen­eral ta­ble re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $2,133 to $38,486 this fis­cal year, while em­ploy­ees on the in­for­ma­tion-tech­nol­ogy ta­ble re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $4,848 to $57,876 this fis­cal year, ac­cord­ing to in­for­ma­tion pro­vided by Hardin.

Em­ploy­ees on the med­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als ta­ble re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $8,542 to $74,542, while the em­ploy­ees on the se­nior ex­ec­u­tive ta­ble re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $7,296 to $124,789, Hardin said.

State of­fi­cials told law­mak­ers ear­lier this year that the pay over­haul would bol­ster en­try-level salaries for po­si­tions such as reg­is­tered nurses, state troop­ers, fam­ily-ser­vices work­ers, pro­gram-el­i­gi­bil­ity spe­cial­ists, cor­rec­tional of­fi­cers and res­i­den­tial care as­sis­tants — jobs in which the state has ex­pe­ri­enced more than dou­ble-digit turnover.

Un­der the new plan, 437 reg­is­tered nurses re­ceived av­er­age pay raises of $10,257, or 21.66 per­cent, to at least the new min­i­mum salary of $63,830, said Hardin.

More than 70 reg­is­tered nurses re­ceived raises of at least $20,000 to boost their salaries to at least $63,830, ac­cord­ing to state records.

Other pay raises to new min­i­mum salaries in­cluded, ac­cord­ing to Hardin:

■ 164 state troop­ers re­ceived an av­er­age raise of $3,881, or 10.7 per­cent, to at least the new min­i­mum of $40,340.

■ 959 pro­gram-el­i­gi­bil­ity spe­cial­ists re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $6,370, or 22 per­cent, to at least $36,155.

■ 493 fam­ily-ser­vices work­ers re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $4,505, or 14.5 per­cent, to at least $36,155.

■ 281 res­i­den­tial care as­sis­tants re­ceived an av­er­age in­crease of $821, or 4 per­cent, to at least $22,000.

■ 791 em­ploy­ees in Cor­rec­tional Of­fi­cer 1 po­si­tions re­ceived an av­er­age raise of $998, or 3.7 per­cent, to at least $29,046.

The high­est- paid state em­ploy­ees, who don’t work at higher-ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tu­tions, are De­part­ment of Hu­man Ser­vices Di­rec­tor Cindy Gillespie, state Ed­u­ca­tion Com­mis­sioner Johnny Key and Health De­part­ment Di­rec­tor Nate Smith.

Gillespie, Key and Smith each re­ceived a 1 per­cent raise to in­crease Gillespie’s salary from $280,000 to $282,800; Key’s salary from $233,488 to $235,823; and Smith’s salary rose from $219,779 to $221,977.

The largest raises in dol­lars, other than col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties, in­clude those largely tied to chang­ing po­si­tions, ac­cord­ing to the fi­nance de­part­ment.

Ivy Pf­ef­fer was pro­moted from as­sis­tant com­mis­sioner for ed­u­ca­tor ef­fec­tive­ness and li­cen­sure at the De­part­ment of Ed­u­ca­tion to deputy ed­u­ca­tion com­mis­sioner.

As a re­sult, she re­ceived a $41,713 raise to $156,549, which in­cluded a 1 per­cent in­crease in keep­ing with the new pay plan, said Hardin.

Sharon Keith, a med­i­cal con­sul­tant at the Dis­abil­ity De­ter­mi­na­tion for So­cial Se­cu­rity Ad­min­is­tra­tion of­fice, changed from a part- time to a full-time em­ployee and re­ceived a $ 37,679 raise to $110,843, which also in­cluded a 1 per­cent hike through the new pay plan.

John Ahlen, for­merly the chief le­gal coun­sel at the state Bank De­part­ment, re­ceived a $34,471 raise to $120,543 partly re­sult­ing from his move to a new po­si­tion as deputy bank com­mis­sioner and partly to com­port with the new pay plan, Hardin said.

Other large-dol­lar in­creases went to John “Smokey” Camp­bell of Hot Springs, di­rec­tor of the state rac­ing com­mis­sion and a for­mer mem­ber of the now-de­funct Arkansas Lot­tery Com­mis­sion, who got a $31,635 raise to $96,960. The rac­ing com­mis­sion is part of the fi­nance de­part­ment.

“The rac­ing com­mis­sioner has al­ways been re­spon­si­ble for both Oak­lawn and South­land,” said Hardin, re­fer­ring to the state’s two race­tracks.

“How­ever, his job du­ties had never been for­mally re­vised to in­clude the added re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of elec­tronic gam­ing (the ‘casino’ ar­eas), even though this was very much a part of his po­si­tion. This new play plan was a good time to get th­ese ad­di­tional du­ties for­mally added to his job de­scrip­tion, jus­ti­fy­ing the raise (for ex­tra du­ties),” Hardin ex­plained in an email.

Col. Bill Bryant, di­rec­tor of the state po­lice, re­ceived a $ 31,075 raise to $ 149,862. Bryant man­ages a 938-per­son de­part­ment, and the new plan con­sid­ered his over­all re­spon­si­bil­i­ties, along with the im­pact of his op­er­a­tion, Hardin said.

“This raise places Col. Bryant in line with the salaries of his col­leagues through­out the U.S.,” he said.

State po­lice Deputy Di­rec­tor Lt. Col. Tim K’Nuck­les re­ceived an $18,414 raise to $120,543, and Hardin cited the same rea­sons for K’Nuck­les pay in­crease.

The salary of Greg Pat­ter­son, reg­is­tered nurse su­per­vi­sor at the Hu­man Ser­vices De­part­ment, rose $28,934 to $71,403,

“Nurses were one of the key cat­e­gories in which the pay plan was fo­cused in or­der to re­cruit and re­tain th­ese health care pro­fes­sion­als,” Hardin said. “As a nurse su­per­vi­sor, Mr. Pat­ter­son was un­der­paid com­pared to his col­leagues. The raise gets him to a level more in line with his re­spon­si­bil­i­ties.”

A pro­mo­tion and the new plan bumped the salary of Robert Kacir, a geo­graphic in­for­ma­tion sys­tems an­a­lyst at the De­part­ment of Parks and Tourism, by $28,504 to $57,755.

The pay plan was solely re­spon­si­ble for a $26,179 in­crease for Noel Vint, in­for­ma­tion-tech­nol­ogy di­vi­sion di­rec­tor at the De­part­ment of Emer­gency Man­age­ment, to $71,704, Hardin said.

Other state de­part­ment heads and key ad­min­is­tra­tors re­ceiv­ing raises of about $ 15,000 or more in­cluded Al­co­holic Bev­er­age Con­trol En­force­ment Di­rec­tor Boyce Ham­let, who re­ceived a $23,834 raise to $96,960.

In his job, Ham­let now has the added re­spon­si­bil­ity of the med­i­cal-mar­i­juana sec­tor, and “this new, sig­nif­i­cant re­spon­si­bil­ity was in­cluded in his job de­scrip­tion prior to the new pay plan,” Hardin said.

Agri­cul­ture De­part­ment Sec­re­tary Wes Ward’s pay rose $18,573 to $120,543, “strictly from the new pay plan (no pro­mo­tion, etc.),” Hardin wrote in an email. “He went from an un­clas­si­fied grade at $101,969 un­der the old plan to an SE02 [ graded po­si­tion] mak­ing $120,542 (en­try of grade).”

Crime Lab­o­ra­tory Di­rec­tor Ker­mit Chan­nel re­ceived a $ 15,820 raise to $ 120,543, “con­sid­ered cur­rent mar­ket data for this po­si­tion, along with salary of his col­leagues through­out the U.S.,” Hardin said.

Se­cu­ri­ties Com­mis­sioner Ed­mond Wa­ters’ $14,557 raise to $120,543 came about from the pay plan, which con­sid­ered the job’s reg­u­la­tory re­spon­si­bil­ity along with cur­rent mar­ket data, Hardin said.

State Bud­get Ad­min­is­tra­tor Duncan Baird’s pay rose $19,465 to $120,543. Baird, a Repub­li­can from Low­ell, is a for­mer chair­man of the Leg­is­la­ture’s Joint Bud­get Com­mit­tee who ran un­suc­cess­fully for his party’s nom­i­na­tion for state trea­surer in 2014.

The bud­get of­fice is in the fi­nance de­part­ment; the de­part­ment’s po­si­tions have statewide re­spon­si­bil­ity for all agen­cies and serve in ad­vi­sory and reg­u­la­tory roles, Hardin said.

“Po­si­tions at [the De­part­ment of Fi­nance and Ad­min­is­tra­tion] have gen­er­ally been un­der­com­pen­sated, com­par­a­tively lower than the agen­cies and higher-ed­u­ca­tion in­sti­tu­tions DF&A serves. The raises for DF&A po­si­tions sim­ply align the jobs with cur­rent mar­ket data and pol­i­cy­mak­ing re­spon­si­bil­ity,” Hardin said.

Among oth­ers at the de­part­ment, the ad­min­is­tra­tor of the Em­ployee Ben­e­fits Di­vi­sion, Chris Howlett, re­ceived a $20,466 raise to $120,543, while the as­sis­tant ad­min­is­tra­tor in the Em­ployee Ben­e­fits Di­vi­sion, Sha­l­ada Toles, re­ceived a $20,140 raise to $96,960.

The as­sis­tant per­son­nel ad­min­is­tra­tor, Her­bert Scott, re­ceived a $20,181 pay raise to $96,960, while Barn­hill, who helped write the over­haul of the pay plan, re­ceived a $13,993 raise to $120,543.

Asked about the sub­stan­tial raises for some ad­min­is­tra­tors, Hutchin­son said Fri­day that “some have some ad­min­is­tra­tive po­si­tions that are hard to fill and are out of line with oth­ers.”

The gov­er­nor cited as an ex­am­ple the di­rec­tor of higher ed­u­ca­tion, which he said has been on the high end of the pay scale com­pared with the fi­nance de­part­ment di­rec­tor, “which has a huge re­spon­si­bil­ity.”

“So I re­mem­ber when I was re­cruit­ing for that po­si­tion [fi­nance di­rec­tor], I could not re­cruit some peo­ple be­cause of the low pay level, so that had to be brought into line with other po­si­tions,” he said.

Fi­nance de­part­ment Di­rec­tor Larry Walther is now paid $167,096 a year, an in­crease of $9,913 over the past fis­cal year, ac­cord­ing to de­part­ment records.

De­part­ment of Higher Ed­u­ca­tion Di­rec­tor Maria Markham is now paid $167,096

this fis­cal year, up by $2,095 from the past fis­cal year.

The last pay over­haul be­came ef­fec­tive in fis­cal 2010 un­der a Demo­crat-con­trolled Leg­is­la­ture and Demo­cratic Gov. Mike Beebe. It cov­ered about 35,000 work­ers and was pro­jected to cost $46 mil­lion. Barn­hill es­ti­mated the plan would raise the av­er­age an­nual salary of cov­ered em­ploy­ees from $35,615 to $36,702.

Be­fore 2009, the last ma­jor over­haul was in 1989.


Un­like the 2009 over­haul, this year’s pay plan ex­cludes clas­si­fied em­ploy­ees at pub­lic col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties.

Tara Smith, deputy di­rec­tor at the De­part­ment of Higher Ed­u­ca­tion, said this year’s Leg­is­la­ture placed 10,456 clas­si­fied po­si­tions — about 28 per­cent of the to­tal po­si­tions ap­pro­pri­ated to the col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties — in a sep­a­rate higher-ed­u­ca­tion pay plan.

Clas­si­fied em­ploy­ees in­clude sec­re­taries, jan­i­tors, fis­cal sup­port staff, pay­roll staff, se­cu­rity of­fi­cers, fi­nan­cial-aid spe­cial­ists and in­for­ma­tion-tech­nol­ogy em­ploy­ees, she said. The higher-ed­u­ca­tion plan is Act 599 of 2017, spon­sored by Rep. Les Eaves, R-Searcy.

The higher-ed­u­ca­tion plan is more in line with the old state plan, Smith said.

The two- and four-year col­leges “could not af­ford the state’s new pay plan.”

“The state does not fund [higher-ed­u­ca­tion] in­sti­tu­tions by po­si­tion, so had the salary sched­ule changed for in­sti­tu­tions, they would have had to come up with the cost in­crease out of their own bud­get with­out ad­di­tional state re­sources.”

That would have in­creased salary costs for col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties an es­ti­mated $17 mil­lion, Smith said.

“But we have a mixed bag for in­sti­tu­tions that pro­vided a [cost-of-liv­ing] raise for their clas­si­fied em­ploy­ees for [fis­cal] 2018,” she said, adding that she plans to pro­vide ad­di­tional in­for­ma­tion to the Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil’s per­son­nel sub­com­mit­tee on Tues­day.

But the raises granted un­der the new plan for most agen­cies lag com­pared with raises granted to some un­clas­si­fied higher-ed­u­ca­tion em­ploy­ees this fis­cal year.

For ex­am­ple, neu­ro­sur­geon Noo­jan Kazemi at the Uni­ver­sity of Arkansas for Med­i­cal Sci­ences re­ceived a $253,075 in­crease to $1.003 mil­lion, said UAMS spokesman An­drea Peel.

“This was based on his prior year’s pro­duc­tiv­ity and his meet­ing, and in fact ex­ceed­ing, his tar­get goals of clin­i­cal care, aca­demic per­for­mance, and re­search,” Peel said.

At Arkansas State Uni­ver­sity in Jones­boro, the largest pay raise went to Amanda Lam­ber­tus, an as­so­ciate pro­fes­sor of math­e­mat­ics, whose nine- month con­tract salary of $58,537 last fis­cal year in­creased to $ 96,500 on a 12-month con­tract this fis­cal year, said ASU Sys­tem Pres­i­dent Chuck Welch. Lam­ber­tus also re­ceived the raise for be­ing granted ten­ure and be­ing pro­moted to de­part­ment chair­man, Welch said.

At the Uni­ver­sity of Arkansas, Fayetteville, the largest pay in­crease this fis­cal year was granted to Blake Rick­man, whose salary went up $33,500 to $125,000 as the re­sult of a pro­mo­tion, said UA spokesman Steve Voorhies. Rick­man is a gift de­vel­op­ment of­fi­cer who was pro­moted from di­rec­tor to se­nior di­rec­tor, with ad­di­tional re­spon­si­bil­i­ties, Voorhies said.

Ath­letic Di­rec­tor and Vice Chan­cel­lor of Ath­let­ics Jeff Long re­ceived the largest raise this fis­cal year, $22,950, which rep­re­sents a 3 per­cent merit in­crease, to $787,950, Voorhies said. None of Long’s salary comes from tax­payer dol­lars, he said. Long also re­ceives an ad­di­tional salary of $250,000 un­der an agree­ment with the Ra­zor­back Foun­da­tion.

In­for­ma­tion about how much the col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties em­ploy­ees’ salaries in­creased on av­er­age in fis­cal 2018 com­pared with fis­cal 2017 hasn’t been com­piled by the De­part­ment of Higher Ed­u­ca­tion, said Smith. The de­part­ment’s lat­est avail­able in­for­ma­tion on av­er­age salaries at the col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties is from fis­cal 2016 when 25,060 full-time em­ploy­ees’ av­er­age salary was $58,997.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from USA

© PressReader. All rights reserved.