Rome News-Tribune - - NEWS -

To­day’s high­light:

On Oct. 9, 1776, a group of Span­ish mis­sion­ar­ies set­tled in present-day San Fran­cisco.

On this date:

1888: The Wash­ing­ton Mon­u­ment opened to the pub­lic.

1910: A coal dust ex­plo­sion at the Starkville Mine in Colorado left 56 min­ers dead.

1914: The Bel­gian city of An­twerp fell to Ger­man forces dur­ing World War I.

1930: Laura In­galls be­came the first woman to fly across the United States as she com­pleted a nine-stop jour­ney from Roo­sevelt Field, N.Y., to Glen­dale, Calif.

1936: The first gen­er­a­tor at Boul­der (later Hoover) Dam be­gan trans­mit­ting elec­tric­ity to Los An­ge­les.

1958: Pope Pius XII died at age 82, end­ing a 19-year pa­pacy. He was suc­ceeded by Pope John XXIII.

1967: Marx­ist revo­lu­tion­ary guer­rilla leader Che Gue­vara,

39, was sum­mar­ily ex­e­cuted by the Bo­li­vian army a day af­ter his cap­ture.

1985: The hi­jack­ers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner sur­ren­dered two days af­ter seiz­ing the ves­sel in the Mediter­ranean. Pas­sen­ger Leon

Klinghof­fer was killed by the hi­jack­ers dur­ing the stand­off.

1995: A sab­o­taged sec­tion of track caused an Am­trak train, the Sun­set Lim­ited, to de­rail in Ari­zona; one per­son was killed and about 80 were in­jured (the case re­mains un­solved).

2001: In the first day­light raids since the start of U.S.-led at­tacks on Afghanistan, jets bombed the Tal­iban strong­hold of Kan­da­har. Let­ters post­marked in Tren­ton, N.J., were sent to Sens. Tom Daschle and Pa­trick Leahy; the let­ters later tested pos­i­tive for an­thrax.

2006: North Ko­rea faced a bar­rage of con­dem­na­tion and calls for re­tal­i­a­tion af­ter it an­nounced that it had set off a small atomic weapon un­der­ground; Pres­i­dent Ge­orge Bush said, “The in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity will re­spond.”

2009: Pres­i­dent Barack Obama was named the re­cip­i­ent of the 2009 No­bel Peace Prize for what the Nor­we­gian No­bel Com­mit­tee called “his ex­tra­or­di­nary ef­forts to strengthen in­ter­na­tional diplo­macy and co­op­er­a­tion be­tween peo­ples.”

Ten years ago: Calm gave way to fear in fi­nan­cial mar­kets, turn­ing a rel­a­tively steady day into a rout that pushed the Dow Jones in­dus­tri­als be­low 9,000 — to 8,579.19 — for the first time in five years. Jean-Marie Gus­tave Le Clezio of France won the No­bel Prize in lit­er­a­ture.

Five years ago: The United States an­nounced it was cut­ting hun­dreds of mil­lions of dol­lars in aid to Egypt in re­sponse to the ouster of Pres­i­dent Mo­hamed Morsi and the crack­down by the mil­i­tary-backed gov­ern­ment on his sup­port­ers. Critic, au­thor and ed­i­tor Stan­ley Kauff­mann, 97, died in New York. One year ago: Declar­ing, “The war on coal is over,” EPA chief Scott Pruitt said he would sign a new rule over­rid­ing the Clean Power Plan, an ef­fort from the Obama ad­min­is­tra­tion to limit car­bon emis­sions from coal-fired power plants. Demo­cratic Sen. Dianne Fe­in­stein of Cal­i­for­nia, at 84 the old­est cur­rent se­na­tor, an­nounced that she would seek an­other term.

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