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1620: The pas­sen­gers and crew of the Mayflower sighted Cape Cod.

1918: It was an­nounced that Ger­many’s Kaiser Wil­helm II would ab­di­cate; he then fled to the Nether­lands.

1961: U.S. Air Force Maj. Robert M. White be­came the first pi­lot to fly an X-15 rocket plane at six times the speed of sound. The Bea­tles’ fu­ture man­ager Brian Ep­stein first saw the group per­form at The

Cav­ern Club in Liver­pool, Eng­land. 1965: The great North­east black­out be­gan as a se­ries of power fail­ures last­ing up to 13½ hours left 30 mil­lion peo­ple in seven states and part of Canada with­out elec­tric­ity.

1967: A Saturn V rocket car­ry­ing an un­manned Apollo space­craft blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a suc­cess­ful test flight.

1976: The U.N. Gen­eral Assem­bly ap­proved res­o­lu­tions con­demn­ing apartheid in South Africa, in­clud­ing one char­ac­ter­iz­ing the white-ruled govern­ment as “il­le­git­i­mate.” 1986: Is­rael re­vealed it was hold­ing Mordechai Va­nunu, a for­mer nu­clear tech­ni­cian who’d van­ished af­ter pro­vid­ing in­for­ma­tion to a Bri­tish news­pa­per about Is­rael’s nu­clear weapons pro­gram. 1989: Com­mu­nist East Ger­many threw open its borders, al­low­ing cit­i­zens to travel freely to the West; joy­ous Ger­mans danced atop the Ber­lin Wall. 2000: Ge­orge W. Bush’s lead over Al Gore in all-or-noth­ing Florida slipped be­neath 300 votes in a sus­pense-filled re­count, as Democrats threw the pres­i­den­tial elec­tion to the courts, claim­ing “an in­jus­tice un­par­al­leled in our his­tory.” 2007: Pres­i­dent Gen. Pervez Mushar­raf of Pak­istan placed op­po­si­tion leader Be­nazir Bhutto un­der house ar­rest for a day, and rounded up thou­sands of her sup­port­ers to block a mass rally against his emer­gency rule. Ten years ago: Barack Obama’s tran­si­tion chief, John Podesta, told Fox News Sun­day the pres­i­dent-elect planned to re­view Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush’s ex­ec­u­tive or­ders on such things as stem cell re­search and do­mes­tic drilling for oil and nat­u­ral gas. China un­veiled a $586 bil­lion stim­u­lus pack­age aimed at in­oc­u­lat­ing the world’s fourth-largest econ­omy against the global fi­nan­cial cri­sis. Five years ago: A house party shoot­ing in sub­ur­ban Hous­ton left two teens dead. Three of the four sur­viv­ing Doolittle Raiders who at­tacked Tokyo in 1942, all in their 90s, of­fered a fi­nal toast to their fallen com­rades in a cer­e­mony at the Na­tional Mu­seum of the U.S. Air Force near Day­ton, Ohio. One year ago: Dur­ing a visit to Bei­jing, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump crit­i­cized what he called a “very one-sided and un­fair” trade re­la­tion­ship be­tween the U.S. and China, but said he doesn’t blame China for hav­ing taken ad­van­tage of the U.S. The Wash­ing­ton Post quoted an Alabama woman as say­ing that Repub­li­can Se­nate can­di­date Roy Moore of Alabama had sex­ual con­tact with her when she was 14 and he was a 32-yearold as­sis­tant dis­trict at­tor­ney; three other women told the Post that Moore had ap­proached them when they were be­tween the ages of 16 and 18 and he was in his early 30s. Ac­tor John

Hiller­man, best known for his sup­port­ing role on the TV se­ries “Mag­num, P.I.,” died at the age of 84 at his home in Hous­ton.

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