The Bill of Rights of the United States of Amer­ica

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Amend­ment I

Congress shall make no law re­spect­ing an es­tab­lish­ment of re­li­gion, or pro­hibit­ing the free ex­er­cise thereof; or abridg­ing the free­dom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the peo­ple peace­ably to as­sem­ble, and to pe­ti­tion the Gov­ern­ment for a re­dress of griev­ances.

Amend­ment II

A well reg­u­lated Mili­tia, be­ing nec­es­sary to the se­cu­rity of a free State, the right of the peo­ple to keep and bear Arms, shall not be in­fringed.

Amend­ment III

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quar­tered in any house, with­out the con­sent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a man­ner to be pre­scribed by law.

Amend­ment IV

The right of the peo­ple to be se­cure in their per­sons, houses, pa­pers, and ef­fects, against un­rea­son­able searches and seizures, shall not be vi­o­lated, and no War­rants shall is­sue, but upon prob­a­ble cause, sup­ported by Oath or af­fir­ma­tion, and par­tic­u­larly de­scrib­ing the place to be searched, and the per­sons or things to be seized.

Amend­ment V

No per­son shall be held to an­swer for a cap­i­tal, or oth­er­wise in­fa­mous crime, un­less on a pre­sent­ment or in­dict­ment of a Grand Jury, ex­cept in cases aris­ing in the land or naval forces, or in the Mili­tia, when in ac­tual ser­vice in time of War or public dan­ger; nor shall any per­son be sub­ject for the same of­fence to be twice put in jeop­ardy of life or limb; nor shall be com­pelled in any crim­i­nal case to be a wit­ness against him­self, nor be de­prived of life, lib­erty, or prop­erty, with­out due process of law; nor shall pri­vate prop­erty be taken for public use, with­out just com­pen­sa­tion.

Amend­ment VI

In all crim­i­nal pros­e­cu­tions, the ac­cused shall en­joy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an im­par­tial jury of the State and dis­trict wherein the crime shall have been com­mit­ted, which dis­trict shall have been pre­vi­ously as­cer­tained by law, and to be in­formed of the na­ture and cause of the ac­cu­sa­tion; to be con­fronted with the wit­nesses against him; to have com­pul­sory process for ob­tain­ing wit­nesses in his fa­vor, and to have the As­sis­tance of Coun­sel for his de­fence.

Amend­ment VII

In Suits at com­mon law, where the value in con­tro­versy shall ex­ceed twenty dol­lars, the right of trial by jury shall be pre­served, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be oth­er­wise re-ex­am­ined in any Court of the United States, than ac­cord­ing to the rules of the com­mon law.

Amend­ment VIII

Ex­ces­sive bail shall not be re­quired, nor ex­ces­sive fines im­posed, nor cruel and un­usual pun­ish­ments in­flicted.

Amend­ment IX

The enu­mer­a­tion in the Con­sti­tu­tion, of cer­tain rights, shall not be con­strued to deny or dis­par­age oth­ers re­tained by the peo­ple.

Amend­ment X

The pow­ers not del­e­gated to the United States by the Con­sti­tu­tion, nor pro­hib­ited by it to the States, are re­served to the States re­spec­tively, or to the peo­ple

Congress of the United States be­gun and held at the City of New-York on Wed. March 4th, 1789 ex­pressed a de­sire, in or­der to pre­vent mis­con­struc­tion or abuse of its pow­ers, that fur­ther declara­tory and re­stric­tive clauses should be added. The amend­ments known as the “Bill of Rights” were rat­i­fied De­cem­ber 15, 1791.

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