The fi­nal three search­able cen­suses now avail­able

Serve Daily - - BUILDING COMMUNITY - By Ginny Ack­er­son

The 1920, 1930 and 1940 cen­suses are the last cen­suses that we have ac­cess to at this time. How­ever, the 1950 cen­sus is sched­uled to be re­leased in 2022.

The 1920 cen­sus in­cludes the fol­low­ing in­for­ma­tion: res­i­dence, name of each res­i­dent, re­la­tion­ship of each res­i­dent to the head of house­hold, gen­der, race/color, age at last birth­day, mar­i­tal sta­tus, age at first mar­riage, home owned or rented and its value or monthly rent, if it is it a farm or not, at­tended school in the pre­vi­ous year, able to read or write, per­son’s birth­place and par­ent’s na­tiv­ity, na­tive lan­guage, cit­i­zen­ship sta­tus, year of im­mi­gra­tion, speaks English, pro­fes­sion and em­ploy­ment.

The 1930 cen­sus is very sim­i­lar and in­cludes res­i­dence, name of each res­i­dent, re­la­tion­ship of each res­i­dent to the head of house­hold, gen­der, race/color, age at last birth­day, mar­i­tal sta­tus, age at first mar­riage, home owned or rented and its value or monthly rent, if is it a farm or not, at­tended school in the pre­vi­ous year, able to read or write, per­son’s birth­place and par­ent’s na­tiv­ity, na­tive lan­guage, cit­i­zen­ship sta­tus, year of im­mi­gra­tion, speaks English, pro­fes­sion and em­ploy­ment. Ad­di­tional in­for­ma­tion asked in­cluded whether the fam­ily owned a ra­dio and, if there was a veteran in the house­hold, what war he or she served in.

There were sev­eral changes in the 1940 cen­sus in­clud­ing drop­ping the place of par­ents’ birth for most en­tries, the ra­dio query and adding a ques­tion about the highest grade of school com­pleted. They also asked the res­i­dence of each per­son in 1935. A spe­cial sec­tion at the bot­tom of the form asks more ques­tions about two ran­dom peo­ple pre­vi­ously enu­mer­ated on the same page. These ques­tions in­clude the birth place of par­ents, their mother tongue, if the per­son was a veteran or the wife/widow or un­der­age child of a veteran, the war in which the veteran fought, did the per­son have a so­cial se­cu­rity card and were de­duc­tions taken from their pay­checks for so­cial se­cu­rity in­surance and their oc­cu­pa­tion. They also asked women se­lected for this sec­tion if they had been mar­ried more than once, their age at first mar­riage and how many chil­dren they had given birth to. The per­son who an­swered the cen­sus taker’s ques­tions is also in­di­cated. All other queries are the same as the 1930 cen­sus or very sim­i­lar.

The cen­suses are valu­able tools in the search for an­ces­tors and their trav­els and de­scen­dants. Each cen­sus is unique in the snap­shots they give us of the peo­ple and times they enu­mer­ate.

*** “Those who deny free­dom to oth­ers, de­serve it not for them­selves.” ― Abraham Lin­coln

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