To­day in his­tory

Sun Sentinel Palm Beach Edition - - NATION & WORLD -

On Oct. 13, A.D. 54, Ro­man Em­peror Claudius I died af­ter be­ing poi­soned by his wife, Agrip­pina.

In 1775 the Con­ti­nen­tal Con­gress or­dered construction of a naval fleet, thereby launch­ing the Navy.

In 1792 the cor­ner­stone of the ex­ec­u­tive man­sion, later known as the White House, was laid dur­ing a cer­e­mony in the District of Columbia.

In 1843 the Jewish or­ga­ni­za­tion B’nai B’rith was founded in New York. In 1845 Texas rat­i­fied a state con­sti­tu­tion.

In 1925 Mar­garet Thatcher, who would be­come Bri­tain’s prime min­is­ter, was born in Gran­tham, Eng­land.

In 1943 Italy de­clared war on Ger­many, its for­mer Axis part­ner.

In 1944 Amer­i­can troops en­tered Aachen, Ger­many. Also in 1944 Bri­tish and Greek ad­vance units landed at Pi­raeus dur­ing World War II. In 1962 “Who’s Afraid of Vir­ginia Woolf?” by Ed­ward Al­bee opened on Broad­way.

In 1974 long­time tele­vi­sion host Ed Sullivan died in New York; he was 72. In 1981 vot­ers in Egypt par­tic­i­pated in a ref­er­en­dum to elect Vice Pres­i­dent Hosni Mubarak the new pres­i­dent, one week af­ter the as­sas­si­na­tion of An­war Sa­dat.

In 1987 Costa Ri­can Pres­i­dent Os­car Arias was named win­ner of the No­bel Peace Prize for his ef­forts on be­half of a Cen­tral Amer­i­can peace plan.

In 1988 Egyp­tian nov­el­ist Naguib Mah­fouz was named re­cip­i­ent of the No­bel Prize in lit­er­a­ture.

In 1990, at the start of a three-day con­fer­ence in Jid­dah, Saudi Ara­bia, the crown prince of Kuwait promised greater democ­racy for the emi­rate if it were freed from Iraqi oc­cu­pa­tion. Also in 1990 Le Duc Tho, co-founder of the Viet­namese Com­mu­nist Party, died in Hanoi; he was 79.

In 1991 the Sen­ate Ju­di­ciary Com­mit­tee heard con­flict­ing tes­ti­mony from friends and as­so­ci­ates of Supreme Court nom­i­nee Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill, the Univer­sity of Ok­la­homa law pro­fes­sor who had ac­cused Thomas of sex­u­ally ha­rass­ing her. In 1993 the U.N. Se­cu­rity Coun­cil voted to reim­pose sanc­tions on Haiti un­less mil­i­tary lead­ers there stopped vi­o­lat­ing a U.N.bro­kered ac­cord. Also in 1993 a Ger­man who had stabbed ten­nis star Mon­ica Se­les re­ceived a sus­pended jail term.

In 1994 pro-Bri­tish Protes­tant paramil­i­taries in North­ern Ire­land an­nounced a cease-fire match­ing the Ir­ish Re­pub­li­can Army’s 6-week-old truce. Also in 1994 Ja­panese nov­el­ist Ken­z­aburo Oe won the No­bel Prize in lit­er­a­ture.


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