To­day in his­tory

Sun Sentinel Palm Beach Edition - - NATION & WORLD -

In 1642, the Cana­dian city of Mon­treal was founded by French colonists. (On this date in 1765, one-quar­ter of Mon­treal was de­stroyed by a fire.)

In 1652, Rhode Is­land be­came the first Amer­i­can colony to pass a law abol­ish­ing African slav­ery; how­ever, the law was ap­par­ently never en­forced.

In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Plessy v. Fer­gu­son, en­dorsed “sep­a­rate but equal” racial seg­re­ga­tion, a con­cept re­nounced 58 years later by Brown v. Board of Ed­u­ca­tion of Topeka.

In 1926, evan­ge­list Aimee Sem­ple McPher­son van­ished while vis­it­ing a beach in Venice, Cal­i­for­nia. (McPher­son reap­peared more than a month later, say­ing she'd es­caped af­ter be­ing kid­napped and held for ran­som, an ac­count greeted with skep­ti­cism.)

In 1933, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed a mea­sure cre­at­ing the Ten­nessee Val­ley Author­ity.

In 1944, dur­ing World War II, Al­lied forces oc­cu­pied Monte Cassino in Italy af­ter a four-month strug­gle with Axis troops.

In 1953, Jac­que­line Cochran, 47, be­came the first woman to break the sound bar­rier as she pi­loted a Canadair F-86 Sabre jet over Rogers Dry Lake, Cal­i­for­nia. In 1967, Ten­nessee Gov. Bu­ford Elling­ton signed a mea­sure re­peal­ing the law against teach­ing evo­lu­tion that was used to pros­e­cute John T. Scopes in 1925.

In 1973, Har­vard law pro­fes­sor Archibald Cox was ap­pointed Water­gate spe­cial pros­e­cu­tor by U.S. At­tor­ney Gen­eral El­liot Richard­son. In 1980, the Mount St. He­lens vol­cano in Wash­ing­ton state ex­ploded, leav­ing 57 peo­ple dead or miss­ing.

In 1998, the U.S. gov­ern­ment filed an an­titrust case against Mi­crosoft, say­ing the pow­er­ful soft­ware com­pany had a “choke hold” on com­peti­tors that was deny­ing con­sumers im­por­tant choices about how they bought and used com­put­ers. (The Jus­tice Depart­ment and Mi­crosoft reached a set­tle­ment in 2001.)

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