His­panic Her­itage Month 2017

The Catoosa County News - - COMMENTARY -

In Septem­ber 1968, Congress au­tho­rized Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B. John­son to pro­claim Na­tional His­panic Her­itage Week, ob­served dur­ing the week that in­cluded Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. In 1989, Congress ex­panded the ob­ser­vance to a month long cel­e­bra­tion (Sept. 15Oct. 15) of the cul­ture and tra­di­tions of those who trace their roots to Spain, Mex­ico and the Span­ish­s­peak­ing nations of Cen­tral Amer­ica, South Amer­ica and the Caribbean.

Sept. 15 is the start­ing point for the cel­e­bra­tion be­cause it is the an­niver­sary of in­de­pen­dence of five Latin Amer­i­can coun­tries: Costa Rica, El Sal­vador, Gu­atemala, Hon­duras and Nicaragua. In ad­di­tion, Mex­ico and Chile cel­e­brate their in­de­pen­dence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, re­spec­tively.

Pop­u­la­tion 57.5 mil­lion

The His­panic pop­u­la­tion of the United States as of July 1, 2016, mak­ing peo­ple of His­panic ori­gin the na­tion’s largest eth­nic or racial mi­nor­ity. His­pan­ics con­sti­tuted 17.8 per­cent of the na­tion’s to­tal pop­u­la­tion.

1,131,766

The num­ber of His­pan­ics added to the na­tion’s pop­u­la­tion be­tween July 1, 2015, and July 1, 2016. This num­ber is more than half of the ap­prox­i­mately 2.2 mil­lion peo­ple added to the na­tion’s to­tal pop­u­la­tion dur­ing this pe­riod.

2.0 per­cent

The per­cent­age in­crease in the His­panic pop­u­la­tion be­tween 2015 and 2016.

119 mil­lion

The pro­jected His­panic pop­u­la­tion of the United States in 2060. Ac­cord­ing to this pro­jec­tion, the His­panic pop­u­la­tion will con­sti­tute 28.6 per­cent of the na­tion’s pop­u­la­tion by that date.

63.4 per­cent

The per­cent­age of those of His­panic or Latino ori­gin in the United States who were of Mex­i­can ori­gin in 2015. An­other 9.5 per­cent were Puerto Ri­can, 3.8 per­cent Sal­vado­ran, 3.7 per­cent Cuban, 3.3 per­cent Do­mini­can and 2.4 per­cent Gu­atemalan. The re­main­der were of some other Cen­tral Amer­i­can, South Amer­i­can, or other His­panic or Latino ori­gin.

States and coun­ties 10.9 mil­lion

The es­ti­mated pop­u­la­tion for those of His­panic ori­gin in Texas as of July 1, 2016.

9

The num­ber of states with a pop­u­la­tion of 1 mil­lion or more His­panic res­i­dents in 2016 — Ari­zona, Cal­i­for­nia, Colorado, Florida, Illi­nois, New Jersey, New Mex­ico, New York and Texas.

54.4 Per­cent

The per­cent­age of the His­panic pop­u­la­tion in the United States that lived in Cal­i­for­nia, Florida and Texas as of July 1, 2016.

15.3 mil­lion

The His­panic pop­u­la­tion of Cal­i­for­nia. This was the largest His­panic pop­u­la­tion of any state in 2016.

4.9 mil­lion

The His­panic pop­u­la­tion of Los An­ge­les County. This was the largest His­panic pop­u­la­tion of any county in 2016.

39,600

Har­ris County in Texas had the largest nu­meric in­crease of His­pan­ics from 2015 to 2016.

Fam­i­lies and chil­dren 16.7 mil­lion

The num­ber of His­panic house­holds in the United States in 2016.

48.0 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­panic house­holds that were mar­ried­cou­ple house­holds in 2016. Among all house­holds in the United States, 47.9 per­cent were mar­ried-cou­ple house­holds.

57.5 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­panic mar­ried-cou­ple house­holds that had chil­dren younger than age 18 present in 2016, whereas for all mar­ried-cou­ple house­holds it was 39.5 per­cent.

67.2 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­panic chil­dren that lived with two par­ents in 2016, whereas for all chil­dren it was 68.7 per­cent.

Span­ish lan­guage 40 mil­lion

The num­ber of U.S. res­i­dents age 5 and older who spoke Span­ish at home in 2015. This is a 130.9 per­cent in­crease since 1990 when it was 17.3 mil­lion. Those who hablan es­pañol en casa con­sti­tuted 13.3 per­cent of U.S. res­i­dents age 5 and older. More than half (59 per­cent of all Span­ish speak­ers and 57.4 per­cent of His­panic Span­ish speak­ers) spoke English “very well.”

72.9 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­pan­ics age 5 and older who spoke Span­ish at home in 2015.

In­come, poverty and health in­sur­ance

$45,150

The me­dian in­come of His­panic house­holds in 2015.

21.4 per­cent

The poverty rate among His­pan­ics in 2015.

16.2 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­pan­ics who lacked health in­sur­ance in 2015.

Ed­u­ca­tion 66.0 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­pan­ics age 25 and older that had at least a high school ed­u­ca­tion in 2015.

14.8 per­cent

The per­cent­age of the His­panic pop­u­la­tion age 25 and older with a bach­e­lor’s de­gree or higher in 2015.

4.7 mil­lion

The num­ber of His­pan­ics age 25 and older who had at least a bach­e­lor’s de­gree in 2015.

1.5 mil­lion

The num­ber of His­pan­ics age 25 and older with ad­vanced de­grees in 2015 (e.g., mas­ter’s, pro­fes­sional, doc­tor­ate).

17.0 per­cent

The per­cent­age of stu­dents (both un­der­grad­u­ate and grad­u­ate) en­rolled in col­lege in 2015 who were His­panic.

24.3 per­cent

The per­cent­age of el­e­men­tary and high school stu­dents that were His­panic in 2015.

For­eign Born 34.5 per­cent

The per­cent­age of the His­panic pop­u­la­tion that was for­eign born in 2015.

64.3 per­cent

The per­cent­age of the 10.3 mil­lion nonci­t­i­zens un­der the age of 35 who were born in Latin Amer­ica and the Caribbean and were liv­ing in the United States in 2010-2012.

Jobs 67.0 per­cent

The per­cent­age of His­pan­ics or Lati­nos age 16 and older who were in the civil­ian la­bor force in 2015.

20.5 per­cent

The per­cent­age of civil­ian em­ployed His­pan­ics or Lati­nos age 16 and older who worked in man­age­ment, busi­ness, sci­ence and arts oc­cu­pa­tions in 2015.

Vot­ing 9.2 per­cent

The per­cent­age of vot­ers in the 2016 pres­i­den­tial election who were His­panic. His­pan­ics com­prised 4.7 per­cent of vot­ers in 1996.

7.3 per­cent

The per­cent­age of vot­ers in the 2014 con­gres­sional election who were His­panic.

Serv­ing our coun­try 1.2 mil­lion

The num­ber of His­pan­ics or Lati­nos age 18 and older who are vet­er­ans of the U.S. armed forces.

Busi­ness 312,738

The es­ti­mated num­ber of His­panic-owned em­ployer firms na­tion­ally in 2015, up from 298,563 or 4.7 per­cent from 2014.

$61.2 bil­lion

The es­ti­mated sales/re­ceipts re­ported by His­panic em­ployer firms owned by women in 2015. Male-owned His­panic em­ployer firms re­ported sales of $264.2 bil­lion.

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