G20 LEAD­ERS RE­NEW CLI­MATE CHANGE VOWS

The Denver Post - - FRONT PAGE - By David Mchugh and Geir Moulson

World pow­ers line up against Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump on cli­mate change, reaf­firm­ing their sup­port for in­ter­na­tional ef­forts to fight global warm­ing. »

World pow­ers lined up against U.S. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump on cli­mate change, reaf­firm­ing their sup­port for in­ter­na­tional ef­forts to fight global warm­ing.

The Group of Twenty sum­mit that ended Satur­day in Hamburg also re­vealed ten­sion on trade, as the U.S. ad­min­is­tra­tion and in­ter­na­tional part­ners forged a deal that en­dorsed open mar­kets but ac­knowl­edged coun­tries had a right to put up bar­ri­ers to block un­fair prac­tices

The sum­mit’s fi­nal state­ment made clear that the other coun­tries and the Euro­pean Union unan­i­mously sup­ported the Paris cli­mate agree­ment re­jected by Trump. They called the deal to re­duce green­house gases “ir­re­versible” and vowed to im­ple­ment it “swiftly” and without ex­cep­tion.

The other coun­tries, from Euro­pean pow­ers such as Ger­many to emerg­ing ones such as China and en­ergy pro­duc­ers such as Saudi Ara­bia, merely “took note” of the U.S. po­si­tion, which was boxed off in a sep­a­rate para­graph that the sum­mit host, Ger­man Chan­cel­lor An­gela Merkel, made clear ap­plied only to the United States.

She said the U.S. po­si­tion was “re­gret­table” but that the sum­mit had achieved “good re­sults in some ar­eas,” and cited a hard-won agree­ment on trade that in­cluded Trump and the United States but did not erase the dif­fer­ences over the is­sue. She said the talks had been at times “dif­fi­cult.”

Trump’s chief economic ad­viser played down ten­sion be­tween the U.S. and other na­tions as the pres­i­dent headed home from his first G20 sum­mit.

Gary Cohn told re­porters aboard Air Force One that while com­mu­niques “are never easy,” he thought this one “came to­gether pretty rea­son­ably. He said hav­ing “a di­ver­sity of opin­ions in a group of 20” was not un­ex­pected.

“To get 20 of your friends to agree to have din­ner tonight is pretty hard,” Cohn said.

Cohn added that while the U.S. ob­vi­ously has cho­sen to get out of the Paris agree­ment, “we do go out of our way to say in there that that doesn’t mean we don’t sup­port the en­vi­ron­ment and we’re still work­ing for the en­vi­ron­ment.”

On trade, the talks pre­served the G20’s con­dem­na­tion of pro­tec­tion­ism, a state­ment that has been a hall­mark of the group’s ef­forts to com­bat the global fi­nan­cial cri­sis and the af­ter­ef­fects of the Great Re­ces­sion. The group added new el­e­ments, how­ever: an ac­knowl­edg­ment that trade must be “re­cip­ro­cal and mu­tu­ally ad­van­ta­geous” and that coun­tries could use “le­git­i­mate trade de­fense in­stru­ments” if they are be­ing taken ad­van­tage of.

U.S. Trea­sury Sec­re­tary Steven Mnuchin said there was “in­cred­i­ble consensus” on the is­sue and that the U.S. pushed to in­clude the phras­ing about “re­cip­ro­cal” trade.

The word­ing echoes con­cerns voiced by Trump, who has said trade must be fair as well as open and must ben­e­fit Amer­i­can com­pa­nies and work­ers. He has fo­cused on trade re­la­tion­ships where other coun­tries run large sur­pluses with the U.S., mean­ing they sell more to U.S. con­sumers than they buy from Amer­i­can com­pa­nies.

That’s in con­trast to the ap­proach fa­vored by Merkel and the EU, who stress mul­ti­lat­eral trade frame­works such as the World Trade Or­ga­ni­za­tion.

More broadly, con­cerns about trade and its impact on work­ers fig­ured large in the 2016 U.S. pres­i­den­tial elec­tion and in Bri­tain’s ref­er­en­dum vote to leave the Euro­pean Union, a free­trade bloc.

Yet pro-trade of­fi­cials from the Euro­pean Union pointed out that the lan­guage in the G20 state­ment con­tains no de­par­ture from the cur­rent global sys­tem of reg­u­la­tion, which al­ready al­lows coun­tries to take de­fen­sive mea­sures within the rules of the WTO. Those can in­clude im­port taxes that off­set un­fair prac­tices such as gov­ern­ment sub­si­dies or be­low-cost pric­ing.

De­spite the trade agree­ment, the sum­mit was marked by clash­ing vi­sions, es­pe­cially where Washington and the Euro­pean Union were con­cerned.

The EU demon­strated its will­ing­ness to move ahead with free trade de­spite Trump by an­nounc­ing a trade agree­ment with Ja­pan on the eve of the sum­mit.

On cli­mate, sum­mit deputies worked un­til shortly be­fore the end­ing news con­fer­ences to hash out a three-part fudge that every­one could sign. That meant a first sec­tion with a broad pledge to fight cli­mate change in gen­eral; a sep­a­rate para­graph carved out that ac­knowl­edged the U.S. did not sup­port the Paris deal; and a third para­graph in which the other 19 mem­bers reaf­firmed their sup­port for the deal.

Ad­vo­cates for ef­forts against global warm­ing ex­pressed re­lief that the other coun­tries had re­mained unan­i­mous in sup­port of the Paris ac­cords.

“The U.S. has ob­vi­ously been clear about where it stands with the Paris Agree­ment, but it is heart­en­ing that 19 other coun­tries reaf­firmed their com­mit­ment to the agree­ment,” said Thoriq Ibrahim, min­is­ter of en­ergy and en­vi­ron­ment for the Mal­dives and Chair of the Al­liance of Small Is­land States.

The re­sults of the sum­mit aren’t ab­so­lutely de­ci­sive, on either the trade or the cli­mate is­sue. The no­pro­tec­tion pledge was often vi­o­lated, in­creas­ingly in harder-to-de­tect ways such as tax breaks for home industries rather than ob­vi­ous im­port taxes.

Mean­while, fail­ure to agree on cli­mate doesn’t stop coun­tries from mov­ing ahead in meet­ing the Paris agree­ment’s goals, or ex­ceed them if they want to. Ad­di­tion­ally, U.S. states and pri­vate com­pa­nies can pur­sue lower emis­sions on their own.

G20 agree­ments are state­ments of in­tent and rely on gov­ern­ments them­selves to fol­low through. Still, they set the tone for global pol­i­cy­mak­ing and en­able peer pressure when they’re not fol­lowed.

Other deals at the sum­mit in­cluded an agree­ment to press in­ter­net providers to de­tect and re­move ex­trem­ist con­tent as a way of fight­ing ter­ror­ist in­cite­ment and re­cruit­ing.

The meet­ings com­peted for at­ten­tion with ri­ot­ing by anti-cap­i­tal­ist demon­stra­tors out­side the heav­ily se­cured Hamburg Messe con­ven­tion cen­ter. Ri­ot­ers set up street bar­ri­cades, looted su­per­mar­kets and at­tacked po­lice with sling­shots and fire­bombs. U.S., World Bank join in ef­fort to aid women en­trepeneurs.

HAMBURG, Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump said Satur­day the U.S. would con­trib­ute $50 million to a new World Bank fund con­ceived by his daugh­ter that aims to help women en­trepreneurs ac­cess cap­i­tal and other sup­port.

Ivanka Trump joined World Bank Group pres­i­dent Jim Yong Kim on the side­lines of the Group of Twenty world lead­ers’ sum­mit in Hamburg, Ger­many, to launch the Women En­trepreneurs Fi­nance Ini­tia­tive.

Kim said the fund had raised more than $325 million so far for projects and pro­grams to sup­port women and women-led busi­nesses by im­prov­ing ac­cess to cap­i­tal and mar­kets, pro­vid­ing tech­ni­cal as­sis­tance, train­ing and men­tor­ing, and push­ing pub­lic policy. The fund grew out of con­ver­sa­tions be­tween Ivanka Trump and Kim early in Trump’s ad­min­is­tra­tion.

May, Trump say Lon­don visit still on.

HAMBURG, Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Theresa May said Satur­day that she’s look­ing for­ward to wel­com­ing U.S. Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump to Lon­don, but both sides still are work­ing to find a “suit­able date.”

May also said she was op­ti­mistic about hoped-for fu­ture trade pacts with the U.S. and other coun­tries after meet­ing Trump at the Group of Twenty sum­mit.

Trump said a deal be­tween the U.S. and Bri­tain, which is leav­ing the Euro­pean Union, would be “great for both coun­tries.”

Trump also squashed spec­u­la­tion that he would not be vis­it­ing Lon­don after all, say­ing that “we’ll work that out” and he will be mak­ing the trip.

Ivanka takes her dad’s seat at ta­ble.

Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump’s daugh­ter and ad­viser, Ivanka Trump, has an ex­pan­sive port­fo­lio in her fa­ther’s ad­min­is­tra­tion. But on Satur­day, she lit­er­ally took his seat at the ta­ble at the G20 sum­mit.

The first daugh­ter was spot­ted slip­ping into Trump’s seat at a work­ing ses­sion on “Part­ner­ship with Africa, Mi­gra­tion and Health,” putting her shoul­der to shoul­der with Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Theresa May. Rus­sian Pres­i­dent Vladimir Putin was sit­ting just one seat down.

In ad­di­tion to be­ing the pres­i­dent’s daugh­ter, Ivanka is an “as­sis­tant to the pres­i­dent,” a ti­tle with no de­fined port­fo­lio.

Pa­trik Stol­larz, Getty Images

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