the IOWA REVIEW
editor Harilaos Stecopoulos managing editor Lynne Nugent deputy managing editor Jenna Hammerich senior editors John D’agata, Hugh Ferrer, Nick Twemlow nonfiction editor Rachel Arndt poetry editor Devon Walker-figueroa fiction editor David Ye webmaster Lauren Haldeman design & composition Pocket Knife Press editor emeritus David Hamilton editorial board Lan Samantha Chang, Ed Folsom, John D. Freyer, Loren Glass, Christopher Merrill, Adalaide Morris, Horace Porter
Jenny Boully, Stephen Burt, John Freeman, Robin Hemley, Wayne Koestenbaum, Yiyun Li, Tom Lutz, Dora Malech, Ben Marcus, Khaled Mattawa, Vanessa Place, Cole Swensen, Russell Scott Valentino, Wendy S. Walters, Jan Weissmiller
Noah Baldino, Justin Boening, Brittany Borghi, Enrico Bruno, Frances Cannon, Elena Carter, Rajnesh Chakrapani, Dylan Cooley, Molly Coon, Rory Cullen, Magda Montiel Davis, Gemma de Choisy, Julian Delacruz, Iracema Drew, Jack Dugan, Anaïs Duplan, Micah Fields, Parke Haskell, Maya Hlavacek, Jane Huffman, Celine Izsak, Jade Jones, Sara Katschka, Anna Keil, Matthew Kelsey, Nathan Kooker, Chloe Livaudais, Annalee Moody, Melody Murray, Patricia Nash, Hong-thao Nguyen, Liam O’brien, Paul Osgerby, Dini Parayitam, Robert H. Peck, Dina Peone, Joey Radu, Anne Sand, Lucy Schiller, Emily Spencer, Meredith Stabel, Jennifer Stern, Jonathan Stout, Lisa Sullivan, Ryan Tucker, Katy Turner, Natalie Upchurch, Christine Utz, Chloe Waryan, Brittany Williams, Elizabeth Wilson, Alicia Wright, James Yu
Alexander Bradbury, Robyn Henderson, Hannah Soyer
The Iowa Review is published three times annually by the Department of English and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at The University of Iowa. The Iowa Review is indexed in Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature, Humanities International Complete, Index of American Periodical Verse, and MLA International Bibliography. Send submissions to 308 EPB, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242. Unsolicited manuscripts are welcome during the fall semester—september, October, and November. Unsolicited work that arrives at any other time will be returned unread. Work without a SASE will be discarded. To submit online, go to iowareview.submittable.com. Entries for The Iowa Review Awards should arrive during January. Visit our website for full guidelines: iowareview.org Subscriptions are $20 for one year, $35 for two years, and $50 for three years. Visit iowareview.org to subscribe or to purchase a single issue, or send a check to us at the address above. For help purchasing a subscription on our website or for address changes, please call 319-335-0462. Issues of The Iowa Review are available online through 0s&1s (0s-1s.com) and Pressreader (pressreader.com). ISSN 0021-065x Copyright©2016, The University of Iowa. Rights as outlined in our acceptance letter revert to the author on publication.