Today in his­tory

The Record (Troy, NY) - - COMMUNITY -

Today is Wed­nes­day, Nov. 15, the 319th day of 2017. There are 46 days left in the year.

Today’s high­light

On Nov. 15, 1942, the naval Bat­tle of Guadal­canal ended dur­ing World War II with a de­ci­sive U.S. vic­tory over Ja­panese forces.

On this date

In 1777, the Sec­ond Con­ti­nen­tal Congress ap­proved the Ar­ti­cles of Con­fed­er­a­tion.

In 1806, ex­plorer Ze­bu­lon Pike sighted the moun­tain­top now known as Pikes (cq) Peak in present-day Colorado.

In 1864, dur­ing the Civil War, Union forces led by Maj. Gen. Wil­liam T. Sher­man be­gan their “March to the Sea” from At­lanta; the cam­paign ended with the cap­ture of Sa­van­nah on Dec. 21.

In 1889, Brazil was pro­claimed a repub­lic as its em­peror, Dom Pe­dro II, was over­thrown.

In 1926, the Na­tional Broad­cast­ing Com­pany be­gan op­er­at­ing its ra­dio net­work.

In 1939, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt laid the cor­ner­stone of the Jef­fer­son Me­mo­rial in Wash­ing­ton, D.C.

In 1959, four mem­bers of the Clut­ter fam­ily of Hol­comb, Kansas, were found mur­dered in their home. (Ex-con­victs Richard Hick­ock and Perry Smith were later con­victed of the killings and hanged in a case made fa­mous by the Tru­man Capote book “In Cold Blood.”)

In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12, the fi­nal mis­sion of the Gemini pro­gram, ended suc­cess­fully as as­tro­nauts James A. Lovell and Ed­win “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the At­lantic af­ter spend­ing four days in or­bit.

In 1979, the Bri­tish gov­ern­ment pub­licly iden­ti­fied Sir An­thony Blunt as the “fourth man” of a Soviet spy ring.

In 1986, a gov­ern­ment tri­bunal in Nicaragua con­victed Amer­i­can Eu­gene Hasen­fus of charges re­lated to his role in de­liv­er­ing arms to Con­tra rebels, and sen­tenced him to 30 years in prison. (Hasen­fus was par­doned a month later.)

In 1987, 28 of 82 peo­ple aboard a Con­ti­nen­tal Air­lines DC-9, in­clud­ing the pi­lots, were killed when the jet­liner crashed sec­onds af­ter tak­ing off from Den­ver’s Sta­ple­ton In­ter­na­tional Air­port.

In 1998, Kwame Ture (KWAH’-may TUR’-ay), the civil rights ac­tivist for­merly known as Stokely Carmichael, died in Guinea at age 57.

Ten years ago: Dur­ing a feisty Demo­cratic de­bate in Las Ve­gas, Hil­lary Rod­ham Clin­ton ac­cused her clos­est ri­vals, Barack Obama and John Ed­wards, of sling­ing mud “right out of the Repub­li­can play­book” and sharply crit­i­cized their records. Cy­clone Sidr struck Bangladesh, killing more than 3,200 peo­ple and leav­ing mil­lions home­less. Baseball player Barry Bonds was in­dicted for per­jury and ob­struc­tion of jus­tice, charged with ly­ing when he told a fed­eral grand jury that he did not know­ingly use per­for­manceen­hanc­ing drugs. (Bonds was later con­victed on the ob­struc­tion of jus­tice count, which was over­turned in 2015.) San Diego Padres ace Jake Peavy won the NL Cy Young Award in a unan­i­mous vote. Ac­tress Lind­say Lo­han (LOH’-un) com­pleted her jail sen­tence for drunken driv­ing in a swift 84 min­utes.

Five years ago: The Jus­tice Depart­ment an­nounced that BP had agreed to plead guilty to a raft of charges in the 2010 Gulf of Mex­ico oil spill and pay a record $4.5 bil­lion, in­clud­ing nearly $1.3 bil­lion in crim­i­nal fines. Four veter­ans were killed and 13 peo­ple in­jured when a freight train slammed into a pa­rade float car­ry­ing wounded war­riors and their spouses at a rail cross­ing in Mid­land, Texas.

Detroit’s Miguel Cabr­era was named the Amer­i­can League’s Most Valu­able Player by the Baseball Writ­ers’ As­so­ci­a­tion of Amer­ica; San Fran­cisco’s Buster

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