To­day in his­tory

The Sentinel-Record - - HOT SPRINGS/FYI -

On July 30, 1942, Pres­i­dent Franklin D. Roo­sevelt signed a bill cre­at­ing a women’s aux­il­iary agency in the Navy known as “Women Ac­cepted for Vol­un­teer Emer­gency Ser­vice” — WAVES for short.

In 1619, the first rep­re­sen­ta­tive as­sem­bly in Amer­ica con­vened in Jamestown in the Vir­ginia Colony.

In 1792, the French na­tional an­them “La Mar­seil­laise” (lah mar-seh-YEHZ’), by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, was first sung in Paris by troops arriving from Mar­seille.

In 1864, dur­ing the Civil War, Union forces tried to take Peters­burg, Vir­ginia, by ex­plod­ing a gun­pow­der-laden mine shaft be­neath Con­fed­er­ate de­fense lines; the at­tack failed.

In 1916, Ger­man sabo­teurs blew up a mu­ni­tions plant on Black Tom, an is­land near Jersey City, New Jersey, killing about a dozen peo­ple.

In 1918, poet Joyce Kilmer, a sergeant in the 165th U.S. In­fantry Reg­i­ment, was killed dur­ing the Sec­ond Bat­tle of the Marne in World War I. (Kilmer is re­mem­bered for his poem “Trees.”)

In 1932, the Sum­mer Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles.

In 1945, the Port­land class heavy cruiser USS In­di­anapo­lis, hav­ing just de­liv­ered com­po­nents of the atomic bomb to Tinian in the Mar­i­ana Is­lands, was tor­pe­doed by a Ja­panese sub­ma­rine; only 317 out of nearly 1,200 men sur­vived.

In 1956, Pres­i­dent Dwight D. Eisen­hower signed a mea­sure mak­ing “In God We Trust” the na­tional motto, re­plac­ing “E Pluribus Unum” (Out of many, one).

In 1965, Pres­i­dent Lyn­don B. John­son signed a mea­sure cre­at­ing Medi­care, which be­gan op­er­at­ing the fol­low­ing year.

In 1975, for­mer Team­sters union pres­i­dent Jimmy Hoffa dis­ap­peared in sub­ur­ban Detroit; al­though pre­sumed dead, his re­mains have never been found.

In 1980, Is­rael’s Knes­set passed a law reaf­firm­ing all of Jerusalem as the cap­i­tal of the Jewish state.

In 1997, two men bombed Jerusalem’s most crowded out­door mar­ket, killing them­selves and 16 oth­ers. Eigh­teen peo­ple were killed in a land­slide that swept one ski lodge onto an­other at the Thredbo Alpine Vil­lage in south­east Aus­tralia.

Ten years ago: Pres­i­dent Ge­orge W. Bush and Bri­tish Prime Min­is­ter Gor­don Brown, meet­ing at Camp David, forged a uni­fied stand on Iraq, aim­ing to head off talk of a splin­ter­ing part­ner­ship in the face of an un­pop­u­lar war. Chief Jus­tice John Roberts was taken to a hos­pi­tal af­ter a seizure caused him to fall on a dock near his sum­mer home in Maine.

“Hap­pi­ness is a re­ward that comes to those that have not looked for it.” — Emile Chartier, French philoso­pher (18681951).

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