To­day in his­tory

The Sentinel-Record - - HOT SPRINGS/FYI -

On April 16, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote his “Let­ter from Birm­ing­ham Jail” in which the civil rights ac­tivist re­sponded to a group of lo­cal cler­gy­men who had crit­i­cized him for lead­ing street protests; King de­fended his tac­tics, writ­ing, “In­jus­tice any­where is a threat to jus­tice ev­ery­where.”

In 1789, Pres­i­dent-elect Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton left Mount Ver­non, Vir­ginia, for his in­au­gu­ra­tion in New York.

In 1862, dur­ing the Civil War, Pres­i­dent Abra­ham Lin­coln signed a bill end­ing slav­ery in the District of Columbia. The Con­fed­er­acy con­scripted all white men be­tween the ages of 18 to 35.

In 1912, Amer­i­can avi­a­tor Har­riet Quimby be­came the first woman to fly across the English Chan­nel, leav­ing Dover, Eng­land, and ar­riv­ing near Calais, France, in 59 min­utes.

In 1947, the cargo ship Grand­camp, car­ry­ing am­mo­nium ni­trate, blew up in the har­bor in Texas City, Texas; a nearby ship, the High Flyer, which was car­ry­ing am­mo­nium ni­trate and sul­fur, caught fire and ex­ploded the fol­low­ing day; the blasts and fires killed nearly 600 peo­ple. At the South Carolina state­house, fi­nancier Bernard M. Baruch de­clared: “Let us not be de­ceived — we are to­day in the midst of a cold war.”

In 1972, Apollo 16 blasted off on a voy­age to the moon with as­tro­nauts John W. Young, Charles M. Duke Jr. and Ken Mat­tingly on board.

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