Russian military exercises seen as more than a drill
NATO says war games could be practice for aggressive action
Russia’s military kicks off a week of combat exercises Thursday that NATO warned could be practice for aggressive action against its Eastern European neighbors.
Russia’s Defense Ministry said the large-scale drills, called Zapad 2017, involve 12,700 troops, 70 aircraft, 250 tanks and 10 warships. The war games will run through Sept. 20 in Russia and Belarus, a former Soviet republic — across the border from NATO members Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
In its summary of the exercises, Russia’s Defense Ministry said the drills would see “the Northern ones” — Russia and its allies — stand up to aggression from “the Western ones.” The drill scenario says Belarus and the Kaliningrad region have been infiltrated by extremist groups.
Germany and several NATO members dispute Moscow’s description that only 12,700 troops will participate in the drills, saying Russia has committed more than 100,000 troops to the games.
“It is undisputed that we are seeing a demonstration of capabilities and power of the Russians,” German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen said. “Anyone who doubts that only has to look at the high numbers of participating forces in the Zapad exercise.”
NATO and Russia have agreed that any military exercises involving more than 30,000 troops should be subject to international monitors. The drills were planned before the U.S. sanctions against Russia that Congress approved last month for alleged meddling in last year’s presidential election, its annexation of Crimea and military operations in Ukraine.
NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg said that Russia has every right to conduct military training exercises, but Moscow was using “loopholes” to avoid scrutiny.
“We have seen before that Russia has used big military exercises as a disguise,” Stoltenberg said in a British TV interview Sunday. “That happened in Georgia in
2008 when they invaded Georgia, and it happened in Crimea in
2014 when they illegally annexed Crimea.”
The exercises could also be another attempt by Russian President Vladimir Putin to portray the power of his country’s military. The drills come after Moscow intervened in Syria’s civil war to bolster the regime of President Bashar Assad, and Russian fighter jets buzzed U.S. warships in the Black Sea.
Russia’s Foreign Ministry has dismissed NATO claims about the drill’s troop levels as “artificial hype” and insisted the exercises will be “purely defensive.” The ministry said that complaints are aimed at “justifying the spending on NATO’s military buildup on Poland and the Baltic states in the eyes of the western audience.”
“We always have to keep in mind that the Russians have the nasty habit of hiding their actual military endeavors behind exercises,” said Kristjan Prikk, an undersecretary at Estonia’s Defense Ministry, in July.
The Zapad drills are the largest Russian war games in almost four years. In 2014, Moscow said about 22,000 troops took part in Zapad exercises; outside observers put the figure closer to 70,000, according to Stars and Stripes. Zapad is the Russian word for West.
Łukasz Kulesa, co-author of a 2015 study about NATO and Russian military drills, stressed that Russia is not on the brink of war with NATO.
“For all the rhetoric, the situation has stabilized a little bit,” said Kulesa, who runs the Warsaw office of the European Leadership Network, a think tank. “Both sides know what their red lines are.”
“We always have to keep in mind that the Russians have the nasty habit of hiding their actual military endeavors behind exercises.” Kristjan Prikk, Estonia Defense Ministry
A man watches Russian military jets performing in Alabino, outside Moscow, on Aug. 12.