TO­DAY IN HIS­TORY

Woonsocket Call - - Amusements -

To­day's High­light in His­tory:

On July 31, 1777, dur­ing the Revo­lu­tion­ary War, the Mar­quis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French no­ble­man, was made a ma­jor-gen­eral in the Amer­i­can Con­ti­nen­tal Army.

On this date:

In 1556, St. Ig­natius of Loy­ola, founder of the So­ci­ety of Je­sus, died in Rome.

In 1875, the 17th pres­i­dent of the United States, An­drew John­son, died in Carter County, Ten­nessee, at age 66.

In 1919, Ger­many's Weimar Con­sti­tu­tion was adopted by the repub­lic's Na­tional As­sem­bly.

In 1930, the ra­dio char­ac­ter "The Shadow" made his de­but as nar­ra­tor of the "De­tec­tive Story Hour" on CBS Ra­dio.

In 1942, Ox­fam In­ter­na­tional had its be­gin­nings as the Ox­ford Com­mit­tee for Famine Re­lief was founded in Eng­land.

In 1954, Pak­istan's K2 was con­quered as two mem­bers of an Ital­ian ex­pe­di­tion, Achille Com­pagnoni and Lino Lacedelli, reached the sum­mit.

In 1957, the Dis­tant Early Warn­ing Line, a sys­tem of radar sta­tions de­signed to de­tect Soviet bombers ap­proach­ing North Amer­ica, went into op­er­a­tion.

In 1964, the Amer­i­can space probe Ranger 7 reached the moon, trans­mit­ting pic­tures back to Earth be­fore im­pact­ing the lu­nar sur­face.

In 1972, Demo­cratic vi­cepres­i­den­tial can­di­date Thomas Ea­gle­ton with­drew from the ticket with Ge­orge McGovern fol­low­ing dis­clo­sures that Ea­gle­ton had once un­der­gone psy­chi­atric treat­ment.

In 1989, a pro-Ira­nian group in Lebanon re­leased a grisly video­tape show­ing the body of Amer­i­can hostage Wil­liam R. Hig­gins, a Marine lieu­tenant­colonel, dan­gling from a rope.

In 1991, Pres­i­dent Ge­orge H.W. Bush and Soviet Pres­i­dent Mikhail S. Gor­bachev signed the Strate­gic Arms Re­duc­tion Treaty in Mos­cow.

In 1992, the for­mer Soviet repub­lic of Ge­or­gia was ad­mit­ted to the United Na­tions as its 179th mem­ber. Ten years ago: The Army cen­sured re­tired three-star Lt. Gen. Philip Kensinger for a "per­fect storm of mis­takes, mis­judg­ments and a fail­ure of lead­er­ship" af­ter the 2004 friend­ly­fire death in Afghanistan of Army Ranger Pat Till­man.

Five years ago: Three In­dian elec­tric grids col­lapsed in a cas­cade, cut­ting power to 620 mil­lion peo­ple in the world's big­gest black­out. Wrap­ping up an over­seas trip, Repub­li­can pres­i­den­tial con­tender Mitt Rom­ney said in War­saw that Poland's econ­omy was a model of small gov­ern­ment and free en­ter­prise that other na­tions should em­u­late.

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