Home Journal : 2021-01-01

LIVING WARATNDERL­UST : 119 : 119

LIVING WARATNDERL­UST

視覺震撼 美術館內有三層,圍繞著中庭,館內與外有很多大型的­當代場域特定藝術品,如雕塑、錄像和裝置。 BIBLAO- HISTORY, DEVELOPMEN­T AND TRANSFORMA­TION Located in the north of Spain, the capital of Biscay, an Atlantic gulf and is an urban region of approximat­ely 41 square-kilometers, Biblao is about 1 hour 10 mins by car from San Sebastian, a coastal city known for its beaches, quaint Old Town and first-class restaurant­s. Biblao was founded in the year 1300 as a medieval villa or town. In 1511, when the trade and shipping office or Consulado was created, it became a trade outlet and subsequent­ly, at the end of the nineteenth century, it was transforme­d into an industrial city covering its entire metropolit­an area and has become one of Spain’s major ports and the entry port for heavy manufactur­ing. However, due to the profound crisis in the 80s of the decay of the industrial system, the city’s fundamenta­l economic sectors is hugely affected. Biblao faced the declining situation similar to that of other former industrial cities such as Pittsburg, Glasgow, Hamburg, Rotterdam and Turin. Facing this challengin­g situation, Bilbao needed to reinvent itself, find a new model for the future and initiate a comprehens­ive urban transforma­tion. A series of revitaliza­tion plans with focus on developing the tertiary sector and creating job opportunit­ies, building transporta­tion systems and infrastruc­ture and establishi­ng cultural landmarks have been launched and developed in the 1990s. Bilbao’s transforma­tion has earned the city a few prizes and awards: the Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize (2010), the European Public Sector Award (EPSA) 2011 for the project “Political Management based on Financial Rigor and Strategic Budgets”, culminatin­g in the World Mayor Award bestowed on mayor D. Inaki Azkuna in 2012. 2020年是極不平凡­及充滿挑戰的一年,全球都在學習適應變化­和新常 態。在期待再次出門旅行的­同時,我花了更多時間在家中­執拾和整理物件。看到一年前和家人一起­參觀畢爾包古根漢美術­館的照片,讓我憶起那段滿載藝術­氣息和美食的愉快回憶。 築具有標誌性的美感,而館內藏品也是世界知­名的傑作。畢爾包是個後工業城市,多年來的振興計劃和發­展使這個快將沒落的城­市搖身一變,成為旅遊 勝地。該市現時人口約35萬,是巴斯克地區的經濟、社會和文化中心,亦是歐洲第36大城市,與都柏林、利物浦和佛羅倫斯相似。 畢爾包——歷史、發展和變革 畢爾包是比斯開省的首­府,位於西班牙北部沿海,距離沿海城市聖塞巴 斯提安約1小時10分­鐘車程,該處以海灘、古樸老城和高級餐廳而­聞名。畢爾包始建於1300­年,當時只是一座中世紀村­莊或小鎮。1511年,當地成立了貿易和航運­辦事處或領事館後,便轉型成貿易出口區,後來在19世紀末再被­改而,80年代工業體系開始­衰退,畢爾包的經濟大受影響,面臨跟匹茲堡、格才能找到新出路。到了1990年代,該市推出一系列振興計­劃,重點發展第三轉型為該­市贏得多個獎項,包括李光耀世界城市獎(2010年),2011年以「嚴謹財務和策略預算的­政治管理」項目獲得歐洲公共部門­獎(EPSA),而時任市長D. Inaki Azkuna於201­2年獲得世界市長獎。 革成一個工業城市,並成為西班牙的主要港­口之一及重製造業的入­口港。然 拉斯哥、漢堡、鹿特丹、都靈等前工業城市相似­的沒落危機,必須全面轉型 產業、創造就業、建設交通系統和基礎設­施,以及建立文化地標。畢爾包的 JAN/FEB 2021 | | 117