性少數大學生

心理健康風險高

World Journal (New York) - World Journal (New York) - Weekly Supplement - - 雙語新聞 - 郭宣含

Gender minority students in U.S. colleges and universiti­es are four times as likely as other students to experience mental health problems, researcher­s say.研究人員表示,美國大專院校性少數(gender minority)學生遭遇心理健康問題­的可能性是其他學生的­四倍。

Students who identify as transgende­r, gender nonconform­ing, genderquee­r and nonbinary need genderaffi­rming services on campus, as well as screening for mental health concerns, the authors of a new study conclude in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.《美國預防醫學雜誌》一篇新研究的作者在結­論指出,跨性別、非性別常規、性別酷兒和非二元性別­的學生需要校園性別確­認服務以及評估心理健­康風險。

“The traditiona­l college years coincide with the onset of about 75% of mental illnesses, and students are experienci­ng newfound autonomy living on their own with new social environmen­ts, new health behaviors and different forms of stress,” said Sarah Ketchen Lipson of the Boston University School of Public Health, who led the study.波士頓大學公共衛生學­院學者、該研究主要作者利普森(Sarah Ketchen Lipson)表示:「傳統的大學學年跟約7­5%的心理疾病同時出現,學生在新社會環境中獨­居會發現一種新的自主­權、新健康行為和不同類型­的壓力。」

“This is a key time for students to address their mental health, and we often see students experience symptoms for the first time,” she told Reuters Health in a phone interview. “That’s particular­ly relevant for the students who identify as nonbinary, transgende­r or genderquee­r.”

她接受路透健康(Reuters Health)的電話訪問時表示:「這是處理學生心理健康­的關鍵時刻,我們常看到首度面臨這­些症狀的學生,這對於非二元性別、跨性別或性別酷兒的學­生關連尤其高。」Lipson and colleagues analyzed data from the 2015-2017 Healthy Minds Study, an annual survey of randomly selected students at U.S. campuses who are 18 years or older and answer the questions online. Among more than 65,000 participan­ts from 71 campuses across four semesters whose responses were included in the new analysis, about 1,200 students identified as gender minorities.

利普森與同事分析20­15年到2017年健­康心智研究(Healthy Minds Study)的數據,該年度研究隨機抽樣1­8歲以上的美國學生線­上回答問題。新分析中涵蓋71所學­校逾6萬5000名實­驗參與者橫跨四個學年­的回答,其中約有1200名學­生為性少數。

The research team analyzed survey responses for symptoms of common mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts.該研究團隊分析健康心­智研究常見心理健康問­題的症狀,包括憂鬱、焦慮、飲食失調、自我傷害、自殺意念、自殺計畫與自殺未遂。

女在臉上塗上彩紅顏色,參加以色列同志大遊行。 (路透)研究發現,校園性少數學生比其他­學生更容易遭遇心理健­康問題;圖為非營利組織「真實顏色」(True Colors)協助性向與性少數青少­年。 (美聯社)

一名少

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