History of War : 2020-06-11

CRIMEAN WAR : 17 : 17

CRIMEAN WAR

CRIMEAN WAR 17 Officers and men of General Pierre Bosquet’s division sit with the painter Paul Alexandre Protais (seated left). Seated to the right is General Cissé, Bosquet’s aide-de-camp, and stood to the left and centre are zouave infantryme­n – their distinctiv­e uniforms instantly recognisab­le. During his time on the front line, Fenton travelled with a portable dark room, converted from a commercial wagon, where he could process his photograph­s. Conditions in the field were less than ideal for the delicate methods required for developing photograph­s, and the heat especially proved difficult for storing the required chemicals. In total, Fenton brought five different cameras and 700 glass plates with him to the front. Pictured here with the cart is Fenton’s assistant, Marcus Sparling. Private soldiers and officers of the 3rd Regiment (known as The Buffs) piling arms in camp. One of the oldest regiments in the British army, The Buffs took part in the Siege of Sevastopol where they suffered greatly in the gruelling, attritiona­l conditions of the trenches. During the war, Major-general (later Field Marshal) Sir Colin Campbell commanded the 2nd Highland Brigade. He was in command at the Battle of the Alma and led the 93rd Highlander­s’ famous ‘thin red line’ defence at the Battle of Balaklava. Another of Fenton’s photograph­s of Campbell was later used as reference for a painting of the old general, now held by The Royal Collection. As well as richly dressed officers, Fenton’s photograph­s also show ordinary soldiers, workers and camp hands – here, a group of Croatian labourers. Ottoman General Ismail Pacha, or György Kmety, posing with Turkish soldiers and a large pipe called a chibouk. Kmety was a Hungarian serving with the Ottoman army, where he went by the name Ismail Pacha.

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