Hindustan Times (Jalandhar) : 2020-06-22

HTSPOTLIGH­T : 9 : 09

HTSPOTLIGH­T

hindustant­imes 09 HINDUSTAN TIMES, CHANDIGARH MONDAY, JUNE 22, 2020 htspotligh­t LAC STANDOFF COMPARING US, CHINA AND INDIA n India’s ability to catch up with China is contingent on utilisatio­n of the demographi­c dividend GDP per capita Share of world GDP CHART 1 CHART 2 US China Constant 2010 US$ India US China Share in % India n 54,659.2 30 60000 27.9 25 21.6 50000 20 40000 13.1 30000 15 17,550.6 7,752.6 20000 10 2,100.8 1.3 1.1 330.2 3.4 10000 5 192.3 0 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2018 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Population ages 15-64 Value added per worker CHART 3 CHART 4 (% of total population) India US As % of US value added per worker China Agricultur­e Industry Services 80 25 71.2 20 70 66.8 15 60.2 65.5 10 60 56.5 56.5 5 0 CHINA INDIA CHINA INDIA 50 2000 2017 1960 2018 CHART 5 2500000 Patent applicatio­ns 2000000 1500000 China non-resident China resident 1000000 India non-resident India resident 500000 0 Source: World Developmen­t Indicators n (The writer is the former secretary of the Research and Analysis Wing. The views expressed are personal) n n US non-resident US resident Last Updated: 05/28/2020 1985 2018 2018

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